Cucullia scrophulariphaga (Rambur, 1833)


Cucullia scrophulariphaga: Adult (e.l. Sardinia, larva in May 2012) [S] Cucullia scrophulariphaga: Adult (e.l. Sardinia, larva in May 2012) [S] Cucullia scrophulariphaga: Adult (e.l. Sardinia, larva in May 2012) [S] Cucullia scrophulariphaga: Adult (e.l. Sardinia, larva in May 2012) [S] Cucullia scrophulariphaga: Adult (e.l. Sardinia, larva in May 2012) [S] Cucullia scrophulariphaga: Young larva (Sardinia, Costa Verde, mid-May 2012) [N] Cucullia scrophulariphaga: Young larva (Sardinia, Costa Verde, mid-May 2012) [N] Cucullia scrophulariphaga: Young larva (Sardinia, Costa Verde, mid-May 2012) [N] Cucullia scrophulariphaga: Young larva (Sardinia, Costa Verde, mid-May 2012) [N] Cucullia scrophulariphaga: Young larva (Sardinia, Costa Verde, mid-May 2012) [N] Cucullia scrophulariphaga: Half-grown larva (Sardinia, Costa Verde, mid-May 2012) [N] Cucullia scrophulariphaga: Half-grown larva (Sardinia, May 2012) [N] Cucullia scrophulariphaga: Half-grown larva (Sardinia, May 2012) [N] Cucullia scrophulariphaga: Larva (Sardinia, May 2012) [S] Cucullia scrophulariphaga: Larva (Sardinia, May 2012) [S] Cucullia scrophulariphaga: Larva (Sardinia, May 2012) [S] Cucullia scrophulariphaga: Larva, dark Version (Sardinia, May 2012) [S] Cucullia scrophulariphaga: Larva (Sardinia, May 2012) [S] Cucullia scrophulariphaga: Larva (Sardinia, May 2012) [S] Cucullia scrophulariphaga: Larva (Sardinia, May 2012) [S] Cucullia scrophulariphaga: Larva (Sardinia, May 2012) [S] Cucullia scrophulariphaga: Larva (Sardinia, May 2012) [S] Cucullia scrophulariphaga: Larva (Sardinia, May 2012) [S] Cucullia scrophulariphaga: Larva (Sardinia, May 2012) [S] Cucullia scrophulariphaga: Larva (Sardinia, May 2012) [S] Cucullia scrophulariphaga: Larva (Sardinia, May 2012) [S] Cucullia scrophulariphaga: Larva (Sardinia, May 2012) [S] Cucullia scrophulariphaga: Cocoon (e.l. Sardinia 2012) [S] Cucullia scrophulariphaga: Pupa (e.l. Sardinia 2012) [S] Cucullia scrophulariphaga: Young larva at Scrophularia ramosissima, slightly right below the center of the photo (Sardinia, May 2012) [N] Cucullia scrophulariphaga: Scrophularia ramosissima, the host plant in the dunes at the Costa Verde (Sardinia, May 2012) [N] Cucullia scrophulariphaga: Larval habitat in the dunes of Costa Verde in Sardinia (May 2012) [N] Cucullia scrophulariphaga: Larval habitat in Sardinia (dunes on Costa Verde) [N] Cucullia scrophulariphaga: Larval habitat in Sardinia [N]

Host plants:
The larva seems to occur only on Scrophularia ramosissima.

Habitat:
Cucullia scrophulariphaga lives on coastal dunes (e.g. Costa Verde in Sardinia) and dry hill sides from just above sea level to medium-high altitudes. The occurrence depends on that of Scrophularia ramosissima.

Life cycle:
The pupa hibernates and the moth is on the wing from April to June. The larvae can be found from May to July. At sea level, the larval development culminates between mid-May and early June. The larvae feed openly on the host plant during the day. Pupation takes place in a densely spun cocoon in the soil as it is the case with all Cucullia species.

Endangerment factors:
Cucullia scrophulariphaga coccurs only very locally and is therefore threatened potentially. Some populations are affected by tourism.

Remarks:
Cucullia scrophulariphaga is endemic to Corsica and Sardinia.



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