Cucullia blattariae (Esper, 1790)


Cucullia blattariae: Adult (e.l. Samos) [S] Cucullia blattariae: Adult (e.l. Samos) [S] Cucullia blattariae: Adult (e.l. Samos) [S] Cucullia blattariae: Adult (e.l. Samos) [S] Cucullia blattariae: Adult (e.l. Phalakro, 2000m asl, Greece, larva in July 2011) [S] Cucullia blattariae: Adult (e.l. N-Greece, Mount Phalakro, larva in July 2011) [S] Cucullia blattariae: Adult (e.l. N-Greece, Mount Phalakro, larva in July 2011) [S] Cucullia blattariae: Adult (e.l. Crete, larva in early May 2013) [S] Cucullia blattariae: Adult (e.l. Crete, larva in early May 2013) [S] Cucullia blattariae: Adult (e.l. Crete, larva in early May 2013) [S] Cucullia blattariae: Eggs (Crete, early May 2013) [N] Cucullia blattariae: Young larva (Crete, early May 2013) [N] Cucullia blattariae: Young larva (Crete, early May 2013) [N] Cucullia blattariae: Half-grown larva (Crete, early May 2013) [N] Cucullia blattariae: Larva (Crete, early May 2013) [N] Cucullia blattariae: Larva (Crete, early May 2013) [N] Cucullia blattariae: Larva (Crete, early May 2013) [N] Cucullia blattariae: Larva (Crete, early May 2013) [N] Cucullia blattariae: Larva (Crete, early May 2013) [N] Cucullia blattariae: Half-grown larva (Samos, May 2009) [N] Cucullia blattariae: Larva (Samos, May 2009) [N] Cucullia blattariae: Larva (Samos, May 2009) [N] Cucullia blattariae: Larva (Samos, May 2009) [N] Cucullia blattariae: Larva (N-Greece, Mount Phalakro, July 2011) [N] Cucullia blattariae: Larva 8Mount Phalakro, July 2011, 2000m asl) [N] Cucullia blattariae: Larva (N-Greece, Mount Phalakro, July 2011) [N] Cucullia blattariae: Larva (N-Greece, Mount Phalakro, July 2011) [N] Cucullia blattariae: Larva (N-Greece, Mount Phalakro, July 2011) [N] Cucullia blattariae: Larva cranial (Samos, May 2009) [N] Cucullia blattariae: Larva (Crete, early May 2013) [N] Cucullia blattariae: Pupa (e.l. Samos) [S] Cucullia blattariae: Pupa (e.l. Samos) [S] Cucullia blattariae: Pupa (e.l. Samos) [S] Cucullia blattariae: Habitat in Samos with larvaeof all sizes, early May 2009 [N] Cucullia blattariae: Larval habitat on Mount Phalakro (Greece, Drama, 2000m asl, July 2011) [N] Cucullia blattariae: Larval habitat on Mount Phalakro (Greece, Drama, 2000m asl, July 2011) [N] Cucullia blattariae: Larval habitat on Mount Phalakro in July 2011 (N-Greece) [N] Cucullia blattariae: Larval habitat in Crete in May 2013 [N] Cucullia blattariae: Larval habitat in Crete in May 2013 [N] Cucullia blattariae: Larval habitat in Crete in May 2013 [N]

Host plants:
The caterpillar feeds on Scrophularia species (figwort).

Habitat:
Cucullia blattariae inhabits dry and hot, often rocky or gravelly locations with the host plant from sea level up to about 2000m asl.

Life cycle:
The pupa hibernates. Cucullia blattariae flies early from late March to May. The caterpillars are found between late April and late May often quite common (e.g. Samos). In higher elevations such as on Mount Phalakro in northern Greece, they are observed until July or even early August.

Remarks:
Cucullia blattariae is missing north of the Alps and is found in more eastern parts of southern Europe. In eastern Europe, it occurs northward to southern Poland. It is also found in the Near East (e.g. in Turkey). In more western parts of southern Europe, Cucullia blattariae is substituted by Cucullia caninae (northward to southwest Germany).

The population of Crete has been described as a distinct species Cucullia minoica. Nowadays this taxon is rightly regarded as mere synonym of Cucullia blattariae.



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