Cucullia thapsiphaga Treitschke, 1826

Synonyms/other combinations:
Cucullia lanceolata

Cucullia thapsiphaga: Adult (e.l. rearing, Bulgaria, Rila Mountains, larva in early August 2015) [S] Cucullia thapsiphaga: Adult (e.l. rearing, Bulgaria, Rila Mountains, larva in early August 2015) [S] Cucullia thapsiphaga: Adult (e.l. rearing, Bulgaria, Rila Mountains, larva in early August 2015) [S] Cucullia thapsiphaga: Adult (e.l. rearing, Bulgaria, Rila Mountains, larva in early August 2015) [S] Cucullia thapsiphaga: Adult (e.l. Olympus, Greece [S] Cucullia thapsiphaga: Adult (e.l. Olympus, Greece [S] Cucullia thapsiphaga: Adult (e.l. Olympus, Greece) [S] Cucullia thapsiphaga: Larva in penultimate instar (Olympus, Greece) [N] Cucullia thapsiphaga: Larva (Olympus, Greece) [M] Cucullia thapsiphaga: Larva (Olympus, Greece) [M] Cucullia thapsiphaga: Larva, heavyly sketched form (Olympus) [M] Cucullia thapsiphaga: Larva, weakly sketched (Olymp) [M] Cucullia thapsiphaga: Gregarious larvae on the underside of a leaf which was carefully bent for photography (Bulgaria, Pirin Mountains, Orelek, early August 2015) [M] Cucullia thapsiphaga: Larva (Bulgaria, Rila Mountains, early August 2015) [M] Cucullia thapsiphaga: Larva (Bulgaria, Rila Mountains, early August 2015) [M] Cucullia thapsiphaga: Larva (Bulgaria, Rila Mountains, early August 2015) [M] Cucullia thapsiphaga: Larva (Bulgaria, Rila Mountains, early August 2015) [M] Cucullia thapsiphaga: Larva (Bulgaria, Rila Mountains, early August 2015) [M] Cucullia thapsiphaga: Larva (Bulgaria, Rila Mountains, early August 2015) [M] Cucullia thapsiphaga: Larva (Bulgaria, Rila Mountains, early August 2015) [M] Cucullia thapsiphaga: Larva (Bulgaria, Rila Mountains, early August 2015) [M] Cucullia thapsiphaga: Larva (Bulgaria, Rila Mountains, early August 2015) [M] Cucullia thapsiphaga: Larva (Bulgaria, Rila Mountains, early August 2015) [M] Cucullia thapsiphaga: Larva (Bulgaria, Rila Mountains, early August 2015) [M] Cucullia thapsiphaga: Larva (Bulgaria, Rila Mountains, early August 2015) [M] Cucullia thapsiphaga: Larva (Bulgaria, Rila Mountains, early August 2015) [M] Cucullia thapsiphaga: Larva (Bulgaria, Rila Mountains, early August 2015) [M] Cucullia thapsiphaga: Larva (Bulgaria, Rila Mountains, early August 2015) [M] Cucullia thapsiphaga: Larva (Bulgaria, Rila Mountains, early August 2015) [M] Cucullia thapsiphaga: Larva (Bulgaria, Rila Mountains, early August 2015) [M] Cucullia thapsiphaga: Larva (Bulgaria, Rila Mountains, early August 2015) [M] Cucullia thapsiphaga: Larva (Bulgaria, Rila Mountains, early August 2015) [M] Cucullia thapsiphaga: Pupa, cocoon removed (e.l. rearing, Bulgaria, Rila Mountains, larva in early August 2015) [S] Cucullia thapsiphaga: Pupa, cocoon removed (e.l. rearing, Bulgaria, Rila Mountains, larva in early August 2015) [S] Cucullia thapsiphaga: Habitat at low altitude (1000m asl) at Mount Olympus (Greece) [N] Cucullia thapsiphaga: Habitat: embankment with Verbascum (Olympus) [N] Cucullia thapsiphaga: Larval habitat (Bulgaria, Rila Mountains, early August 2015) [N] Cucullia thapsiphaga: Larval habitat (Bulgaria, Rila Mountains, early August 2015) [N] Cucullia thapsiphaga: Larval habitat (Bulgaria, Pirin Mountains, Orelek, early August 2015) [N]

Host plants:
The larvae feed on Verbascum species. In N-Greece (Mount Olympus) I recorded them partially in the inflorescences, but otherwise more on lower sides of leaves near the ground.

Habitat:
Cucullia thapsiphaga colonizes roadsides, woodland edges, nutrient-poor grasslands, rocky embankments, other hot and dry edges and ruderal areas with Verbascum. In Northern Greece I met many larvae on roadsides through sparse steppe forest and extensive pastures.

Life cycle:
I found the caterpillars in July (N-Greece, early August (Bulgaria, up to 2000m) and near Delphi (Central Greece) already in May. Moths should fly from late May to late June (Northern Greece), but already in April in warm sites (Delphi). The pupa overwinters in the cocoon. Until autumn, the adult is already quite far developed in the pupa, as is the case with Cucullia verbasci.

Endangerment factors:
Cucullia thapsiphaga is probably already extinct north of the Alps. But it occurs in the Mediterranean region (e.g. Greece) or in the S-Balkans (e.g. Bulgaria) locally still quite common.

Remarks:
Cucullia thapsiphaga occurs in Southern Europe and parts of Western Asia (e.g. Asia Minor). In the past it has been observed to the north to Central Germany and northern Poland, but now probably only to the southern parts of the Alps and some central Alpine dry valleys.



Cucullia absinthii | Cucullia achilleae | Cucullia argentea | Cucullia artemisiae | Cucullia asteris | Cucullia barthae | Cucullia blattariae | Cucullia bubaceki | Cucullia calendulae | Cucullia campanulae | Cucullia canariensis | Cucullia caninae | Cucullia celsiae | Cucullia chamomillae | Cucullia cineracea | Cucullia dracunculi | Cucullia formosa | Cucullia gnaphalii | Cucullia gozmanyi | Cucullia lactucae | Cucullia lucifuga | Cucullia lychnitis | Cucullia prenanthis | Cucullia santolinae | Cucullia santonici | Cucullia scrophulariae | Cucullia scrophulariphaga | Cucullia tanaceti | Cucullia umbratica | Cucullia verbasci | Cucullia xeranthemi 
German version / deutsche Version