Cucullia santonici (Hübner, 1813)


Cucullia santonici: Adult (e.l. Hautes-Alpes, France, larva in September 2013) [S] Cucullia santonici: Adult (e.l. Hautes-Alpes, France, larva in September 2013) [S] Cucullia santonici: Adult (e.l. Hautes-Alpes, France, larva in September 2013) [S] Cucullia santonici: Adult (e.l. Hautes-Alpes, France, larva in September 2013) [S] Cucullia santonici: Adult (e.l. Hautes-Alpes, France, larva in September 2013) [S] Cucullia santonici: Half-grown larva (Hautes-Alpes, France, mid-September 2012) [N] Cucullia santonici: Larva in penultimate instar (Hautes-Alpes, mid-September 2012) [N] Cucullia santonici: Larva in penultimate instar (Hautes-Alpes, mid-September 2012) [N] Cucullia santonici: Larva (Hautes-Alpes, mid-September 2012) [N] Cucullia santonici: Larva (Hautes-Alpes, mid-September 2012) [N] Cucullia santonici: Larva (Hautes-Alpes, mid-September 2012) [N] Cucullia santonici: Larva (Hautes-Alpes, mid-September 2012) [N] Cucullia santonici: Larva (Hautes-Alpes, mid-September 2012) [N] Cucullia santonici: Larva (Hautes-Alpes, mid-September 2012) [N] Cucullia santonici: Larva (Hautes-Alpes, mid-September 2012) [N] Cucullia santonici: Larva caudolateral (Hautes-Alpes, mid-September 2012) [N] Cucullia santonici: Larva caudodorsal (Hautes-Alpes, mid-September 2012) [N] Cucullia santonici: Larva cranial (Hautes-Alpes, mid-September 2012) [N] Cucullia santonici: Larva cranial (Hautes-Alpes, mid-September 2012) [N] Cucullia santonici: Larva head (Hautes-Alpes, mid-September 2012) [N] Cucullia santonici: Pupa (e.l. Hautes Alpes 2012). The proboscis sheeth is very long. [S] Cucullia santonici: Larva at Artemisia camphorata (Hautes Alpes, September 2012) [N] Cucullia santonici: Larva at Artemisia camphorata (Hautes Alpes, September 2012) [N] Cucullia santonici: Larval habitat in the Hautes-Alpes: Artemisia camphorata at dry slopes (September 2012) [N] Cucullia santonici: Larval habitat in the Hautes-Alpes: Artemisia camphorata (grayish green in the foreground) at dry slopes (September 2012) [N] Cucullia santonici: Larval habitat in the Hautes-Alpes: Artemisia camphorata at dry slopes (September 2012) [N]

Host plants:
The caterpillar lives on Artemisia species (Asteraceae). I found the larvae in the French Alps at Cucullia camphorata (= Artemisia alba, together with Cucullia cineracea).

Habitat:
Cucullia santonici inhabits steppe slopes and other dry grasslands at medium altitudes between 800 and 1700m above sea level with the larval host plant.

Life cycle:
The pupa hibernates. The moths fly from late June to late August. The caterpillars are found especially in August and September (still rare in early October). They rest open on the larval host plant during the day. The female oviposits apparently both on flowering and non-flowering plants.

Endangerment factors:
Cucullia santonici is moderately endangered as in the steppe-like habitats decrease (overbuilding, viticulture, tourism, partly bush encroachment and reforestation).

Remarks:
Cucullia santonici occurs from the Pyrenees across Southern France, northern and Central Italy (Apennines) and the Valais to Greece. Cucullia santonici is additionally found in Asia from Turkey to China.



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