Catocala nupta (Linnaeus, 1767)


Catocala nupta: Adult (e.l. river Iller near Memmingen, 2014) [S] Catocala nupta: Adult (e.l. river Iller near Memmingen, 2014) [S] Catocala nupta: Adult (e.l. river Iller near Memmingen, 2014) [S] Catocala nupta: Adult (e.l. river Iller near Memmingen, 2014) [S] Catocala nupta: Adult (at bait, Memmingen, southern germany, photo Peter Schmidt) [N] Catocala nupta: Adult (at bait, Memmingen, southern germany, photo Peter Schmidt) [N] Catocala nupta: Adult (at bait, Memmingen, southern germany, photo Peter Schmidt) [N] Catocala nupta: L1-Raupe (river Iller near Memmingen, late April 2014) [M] Catocala nupta: Young larva (Maria Steinbach near Memmingen, S-Germany, early May 2014) [M] Catocala nupta: Young larva (Maria Steinbach near Memmingen, S-Germany, early May 2014) [M] Catocala nupta: Young larva (Maria Steinbach near Memmingen, S-Germany, early May 2014) [S] Catocala nupta: Young larva (Maria Steinbach near Memmingen, S-Germany, early May 2014) [S] Catocala nupta: Young larva (early May, N-Greece, Pindos near Samarina, early May 2010) [N] Catocala nupta: Young larva (e.l. river Iller near Memmingen, Germany, 2014) [S] Catocala nupta: Young larva (e.l. river Iller near Memmingen, Germany, 2014) [S] Catocala nupta: Young larva (e.l. river Iller near Memmingen, Germany, 2014) [S] Catocala nupta: Young larva (e.l. river Iller near Memmingen, Germany, 2014) [S] Catocala nupta: Young larva (e.l. river Iller near Memmingen, Germany, 2014) [N] Catocala nupta: Half-grown larva (N-Greece, May 2010) [S] Catocala nupta: Half-grown larva (e.l. river Iller near Memmingen, Germany, 2014) [S] Catocala nupta: Half-grown larva (e.l. river Iller near Memmingen, Germany, 2014) [S] Catocala nupta: Half-grown larva (e.l. river Iller near Memmingen, Germany, 2014) [S] Catocala nupta: Half-grown larva (e.l. river Iller near Memmingen, Germany, 2014) [S] Catocala nupta: Larva (e.l. river Iller near Memmingen, Germany, 2014) [S] Catocala nupta: Larva (e.l. river Iller near Memmingen, Germany, 2014) [S] Catocala nupta: Larva (e.l. river Iller near Memmingen, Germany, 2014) [S] Catocala nupta: Larva (e.l. river Iller near Memmingen, Germany, 2014) [S] Catocala nupta: Larva (e.l. river Iller near Memmingen, Germany, 2014) [S] Catocala nupta: Larva (e.l. river Iller near Memmingen, Germany, 2014) [S] Catocala nupta: Larva (e.l. river Iller near Memmingen, Germany, 2014) [S] Catocala nupta: Larva (e.l. river Iller near Memmingen, Germany, 2014) [S] Catocala nupta: Larva (e.l. river Iller near Memmingen, Germany, 2014) [S] Catocala nupta: Larva (e.l. river Iller near Memmingen, Germany, 2014) [S] Catocala nupta: Larva (e.l. river Iller near Memmingen, Germany, 2014) [S] Catocala nupta: Larva (e.l. river Iller near Memmingen, Germany, 2014) [S] Catocala nupta: Larva (e.l. river Iller near Memmingen, Germany, 2014) [S] Catocala nupta: Larva (e.l. river Iller near Memmingen, Germany, 2014) [S] Catocala nupta: Larva (e.l. river Iller near Memmingen, Germany, 2014) [S] Catocala nupta: Larva ventral side (e.l. river Iller near Memmingen, Germany, 2014) [S] Catocala nupta: Pupa (cocoon removed) [S] Catocala nupta: Larval habitat (Salix fragilis along river Iller near Memmingen, late April 2014) [N] Catocala nupta: Larval habitat (Salix fragilis along river Iller near Memmingen, late April 2014) [N] Catocala nupta: Larval habitat (Salix fragilis along river Iller near Memmingen, late April 2014). Most young larvae could be found at young twigs direct descending from trunk. [N] Catocala nupta: Larval habitat (Salix fragilis along river Iller near Memmingen, late April 2014). Most young larvae could be found at young twigs direct descending from trunk. [N] Catocala nupta: Habitat in N-Greece (Pindos) is a willow-rich stream valley with many Catocala, e.g. C. puerpera (early May 2010) [N]

Host plants:
Salix and Populus species

Habitat:
Catocala nupta inhabits especially soft wood edges along rivers and lakes, but is also observed in many other habitats provided the larval host plants occur. I recorded several young larvae along the river Iller near Memmingen (S-Germany) on Salix fragilis in late april and May 2014.

Life cycle:
The egg hibernates and the larva develops mainly between April and June, more rarely also later. Young larvae can be beaten especially from young twigs sprouting directly from older trunks. The moths are on the wing between July and September or October.

Endangerment factors:
Locally, Catocala nupta can be endangered due to the exaggerated destroyment of economically worthless soft woods (especially along rivers and lake shores) etc., but is still the most widespread species of the genus.

Remarks:
Catocala nupta occurs in Europe and temperate Asia to Japan.



Catocala conjuncta | Catocala conversa | Catocala dilecta | Catocala disjuncta | Catocala electa | Catocala eutychea | Catocala fraxini | Catocala hymenaea | Catocala lupina | Catocala nymphaea | Catocala nymphagoga | Catocala promissa | Catocala puerpera | Catocala separata | Catocala sponsa 
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