Catocala nymphaea (Esper, 1787)


Catocala nymphaea: Adult in daunting posture (e.l. Provence) [S] Catocala nymphaea: Adult in resting posture (e.l. Provence) [S] Catocala nymphaea: Adult (Cevennes, France, July 2012) [N] Catocala nymphaea: Adult (Cevennes, France, July 2012) [N] Catocala nymphaea: Adult (Cevennes, France, July 2012) [N] Catocala nymphaea: Adult (Cevennes, France, July 2012) [N] Catocala nymphaea: Young larva (Samos, Mount Kerkis, mid-May 2014) [M] Catocala nymphaea: Half-grown larva (e.l. Samos 2014) [S] Catocala nymphaea: Half-grown larva (e.l. Samos 2014) [S] Catocala nymphaea: Half-grown larva (e.l. Samos 2014) [S] Catocala nymphaea: Half-grown larva (e.l. Samos 2014) [S] Catocala nymphaea: Half-grown larva (e.l. Samos 2014) [S] Catocala nymphaea: Larva (e.l. Samos 2014) [S] Catocala nymphaea: Larva (e.l. Samos 2014) [S] Catocala nymphaea: Larva (e.l. Samos 2014) [S] Catocala nymphaea: Larva (e.l. Samos 2014) [S] Catocala nymphaea: Larva (e.l. Samos 2014) [S] Catocala nymphaea: Larva (e.l. Samos 2014) [S] Catocala nymphaea: Larva (e.l. Samos 2014) [S] Catocala nymphaea: Larva (e.l. Samos 2014) [S] Catocala nymphaea: Larva (e.l. Samos 2014) [S] Catocala nymphaea: Larva (e.l. Samos 2014) [S] Catocala nymphaea: Larva (e.l. Samos 2014) [S] Catocala nymphaea: Larva (Provence) [M] Catocala nymphaea: Pupa (e.l. Samos 2014) [S] Catocala nymphaea: Pupa (e.l. Samos 2014) [S] Catocala nymphaea: Habitat in the Cevennes: rocky holm oak woodland (July 2012) [N] Catocala nymphaea: Holm oak woodland with high abundance of adults (July 2012) [N]

Host plants:
The larvae feed on Quercus species, particularly Quercus ilex and Q. coccifera.

Habitat:
Catocala nymphaea inhabits evergreen forests and maquis with Quercus in the Mediterranean.

Life cycle:
The eggs overwinter. I tapped larvae (still small) in late May in the Provence from holm oak. The moths fly from July to September. In July 2012, I flushed many adults even during the day from holm oak and rocks in the southern Cevennes (France).

Remarks:
Catocala nymphaea occurs in the Mediterranean region and goes to the north as far as to the southern edge of the Alps (South Tyrol, Lake Garda). The moth reaches Central Europe only exceptionally as a rare vagrant.



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