Hoplodrina superstes (Ochsenheimer, 1816)


Hoplodrina superstes: Adult (e.l. eastern Swabian Alb, S-Germany, Heidenheim/Brenz, larva on 01/04/2008) [S] Hoplodrina superstes: Adult (e.l. rearing, South Tyrol, Val Müstair, 1300m, larva in mid-April 2016) [S] Hoplodrina superstes: Adult (e.l. rearing, South Tyrol, Val Müstair, 1300m, larva in mid-April 2016) [S] Hoplodrina superstes: Adult (e.l. rearing, South Tyrol, Val Müstair, 1300m, larva in mid-April 2016) [S] Hoplodrina superstes: Adult (e.l. rearing, South Tyrol, Val Müstair, 1300m, larva in mid-April 2016) [S] Hoplodrina superstes: Larva (South Tyrol, Val Müstair, 1300m, mid-April 2016) [M] Hoplodrina superstes: Larva (e.l. rearing, South Tyrol, Val Müstair, 1300m, mid-April 2016) [S] Hoplodrina superstes: Larva (e.l. rearing, South Tyrol, Val Müstair, 1300m, larva in mid-April 2016) [S] Hoplodrina superstes: Larva (e.l. rearing, South Tyrol, Val Müstair, 1300m, larva in mid-April 2016) [S] Hoplodrina superstes: Larva (e.l. rearing, South Tyrol, Val Müstair, 1300m, larva in mid-April 2016) [S] Hoplodrina superstes: Larva (e.l. rearing, South Tyrol, Val Müstair, 1300m, larva in mid-April 2016) [S] Hoplodrina superstes: Larva (e.l. rearing, South Tyrol, Val Müstair, 1300m, larva in mid-April 2016) [S] Hoplodrina superstes: Larva (e.l. rearing, South Tyrol, Val Müstair, 1300m, larva in mid-April 2016) [S] Hoplodrina superstes: Larva (e.l. rearing, South Tyrol, Val Müstair, 1300m, larva in mid-April 2016) [S] Hoplodrina superstes: Larva, rear part (e.l. rearing, South Tyrol, Val Müstair, 1300m, larva in mid-April 2016) [S] Hoplodrina superstes: Larva (eastern Swabian Alb, Söhnstetten. late March 2008) [S] Hoplodrina superstes: Larva (eastern Swabian Alb, Heidenheim/Brenz, 01/04/2008) [S] Hoplodrina superstes: Pupa (e.l. rearing, South Tyrol, Val Müstair, 1300m, larva in mid-April 2016) [S] Hoplodrina superstes: Pupa (e.l. rearing, South Tyrol, Val Müstair, 1300m, larva in mid-April 2016) [S] Hoplodrina superstes: Habitat in a limestone grassland of the eastern Swabian Alb (spring 2008) [N] Hoplodrina superstes: Larval habitat (South Tyrol, Val Müstair, 1300m, early May 2015) [N]

Host plants:
The larvae are polyphagous in the ground-near herb layer.

Habitat:
Hoplodrina superstes inhabits dry and warm, stony or rocky nutrient-poor grasslands with sparse vegetation.

Life cycle:
The larva hibernates and is most often mature already in April. I recorded it in a stony limestone grassland on the eastern Swabian Alb on 01/04/2008. The moths occur between mid-June and late August.

Endangerment: endangered

Endangerment factors:
Hoplodrina superstes has already declined together with its habitats in extra-Alpine Central Europe.

Remarks:
Hoplodrina superstes occurs from Morocco across South and Central Europe to Iran.



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