Mythimna ferrago (Fabricius, 1787)


Mythimna ferrago: Adult [S] Mythimna ferrago: Adult [S] Mythimna ferrago: Adult [S] Mythimna ferrago: Adult [S] Mythimna ferrago: Adult [S] Mythimna ferrago: Adult [S] Mythimna ferrago: Adult (e.l. eastern Swabian Alb, Southern Germany 2011) [S] Mythimna ferrago: Adult (e.l. eastern Swabian Alb, Southern Germany 2011) [S] Mythimna ferrago: Adult (e.l. eastern Swabian Alb, Southern Germany 2010) [S] Mythimna ferrago: Adult (e.l. eastern Swabian Alb, Southern Germany 2010) [S] Mythimna ferrago: Adult (e.l. Upper Rhine 2011) [S] Mythimna ferrago: Adult (e.l. Provence, France 2010) [S] Mythimna ferrago: Young larva (Hautes Alpes, September 2012) [M] Mythimna ferrago: Young larva (Hautes Alpes, September 2012) [M] Mythimna ferrago: Young larva (eastern Swabian Alb, Southern Germany, September 2011) [M] Mythimna ferrago: Young larva (eastern Swabian Alb, Southern Germany, October 2011) [S] Mythimna ferrago: Half-grown larva (Memmingen, October 2011) [M] Mythimna ferrago: Half-grown larva (Memmingen, October 2011) [M] Mythimna ferrago: Half-grown larva (Upper Rhine 2011) [M] Mythimna ferrago: Larva (Upper Rhine 2011) [M] Mythimna ferrago: Half-grown larva (eastern Swabian Alb, Southern Germany 2011) [S] Mythimna ferrago: Larva (eastern Swabian Alb, Southern Germany 2011) [S] Mythimna ferrago: Larva (eastern Swabian Alb, Southern Germany 2011) [S] Mythimna ferrago: Larva (eastern Swabian Alb, Southern Germany) [S] Mythimna ferrago: Larva (eastern Swabian Alb, Southern Germany 2011) [S] Mythimna ferrago: Larva (eastern Swabian Alb, Southern Germany) [S] Mythimna ferrago: Larva (Valais, Switzerland) [S] Mythimna ferrago: Larva (Valais, Switzerland) [S] Mythimna ferrago: Larva (Valais, Switzerland) [S] Mythimna ferrago: Larva (Valais, Switzerland) [S] Mythimna ferrago: Larva (Valais, Switzerland) [S] Mythimna ferrago: Larva [S] Mythimna ferrago: Larva [S] Mythimna ferrago: Larva (eastern Swabian Alb, Southern Germany 2011) [S] Mythimna ferrago: Larva (eastern Swabian Alb, Southern Germany 2011) [S] Mythimna ferrago: Larva (eastern Swabian Alb, Southern Germany 2011) [S] Mythimna ferrago: Larva (eastern Swabian Alb, Southern Germany 2011) [S] Mythimna ferrago: Larva (eastern Swabian Alb, Southern Germany 2011) [S] Mythimna ferrago: Larva (eastern Swabian Alb, Southern Germany 2011) [S] Mythimna ferrago: Larva (eastern Swabian Alb, Southern Germany 2011) [S] Mythimna ferrago: Larva Mythimna ferrago: Larva [S] Mythimna ferrago: Larva (eastern Swabian Alb, Southern Germany 2011) [S] Mythimna ferrago: Pupa [S] Mythimna ferrago: Pupa (e.l. eastern Swabian Alb, Southern Germany 2010) [S] Mythimna ferrago: A larval habitat among many possible: humid meadow in the Upper Rhine Valley (2011). In the Umgebung kommen also Mythimna impura and M. pudorina vor. [N] Mythimna ferrago: Larval habitat in a not so nutrient-poor grassland on the eastern Swabian Alb, Southern Germany where also Mythimna albipuncta, M. conigera and M. impura occur (October 2010) [N]

Host plants:
Grasses (Poaceae).

Habitat:
The common species inhabits extensively managed or fallow grasslands of all kinds such as dry nutrient-poor grasslands, fens, wet clearings, embankments, edges in forests and open land as well as field margins. In the Alps (at least in the southern and central parts), Mythimna ferrago is widespread up to about 2000m. It is particularly common even in the hot steppe slopes of Valais.

Life cycle:
The moths fly from June to August and the caterpillar hibernates. It is found in the autumn from September to November and in the spring especially from late March to May. At high altitude, it is still to observe in late June. In the autumn, I found it, for example, in October on Deschampsia caespitosa and Calamagrostis epigejos (Swabian Alb) or as late as November on Bromus erectus and Arrhenaterum elatius (Upper Rhine 2011).

Remarks:
Mythimna ferrago occurs from Morocco across large parts of non-polar Europe and temperate Asia to the Altai.



Mythimna albipunctata | Mythimna congrua | Mythimna conigera | Mythimna impura | Mythimna l-album | Mythimna litoralis | Mythimna pallens | Mythimna pudorina | Mythimna riparia | Mythimna scirpi | Mythimna straminea | Mythimna turca | Mythimna unipuncta | Mythimna velutina | Mythimna vitellina 
German version / deutsche Version