Mniotype schumacheri (Rebel, 1919)


Mniotype schumacheri: Adult (e.l. La Gomera 2011) [S] Mniotype schumacheri: Adult (e.l. La Gomera 2011) [S] Mniotype schumacheri: Adult (e.l. La Gomera 2011) [S] Mniotype schumacheri: Young larva (La Gomera, December 2011) [M] Mniotype schumacheri: Young larva (La Gomera, December 2011). The young larvae are most often green, but some can be already in this early instar brown. The last two instars are always brown. [M] Mniotype schumacheri: Young larva at Urtica (La Gomera, December 2011) [M] Mniotype schumacheri: Young larva (La Gomera, December 2011) [M] Mniotype schumacheri: Young larva (La Gomera, December 2011) [M] Mniotype schumacheri: Young larva (La Gomera, December 2011) [M] Mniotype schumacheri: Young larva (La Gomera, December 2011) [M] Mniotype schumacheri: Young larva (La Gomera, December 2011) [M] Mniotype schumacheri: Young larva (La Gomera, December 2011) [M] Mniotype schumacheri: Young larva (La Gomera, December 2011) [M] Mniotype schumacheri: Half-grown larva (La Gomera, December 2011) [M] Mniotype schumacheri: Half-grown larva (La Gomera, December 2011) [M] Mniotype schumacheri: Half-grown larva (La Gomera, December 2011) [M] Mniotype schumacheri: Half-grown larva (La Gomera, December 2011) [M] Mniotype schumacheri: Half-grown larva (La Gomera, December 2011) [M] Mniotype schumacheri: Half-grown larva (La Gomera, December 2011) [M] Mniotype schumacheri: Half-grown larva (La Gomera, December 2011) [M] Mniotype schumacheri: Half-grown larva (La Gomera, December 2011) [M] Mniotype schumacheri: Half-grown larva (La Gomera, December 2011) [M] Mniotype schumacheri: Half-grown larva (La Gomera, December 2011) [M] Mniotype schumacheri: Larva in penultimate instar (La Gomera, December 2011) [S] Mniotype schumacheri: Larva in penultimate instar (La Gomera, December 2011) [S] Mniotype schumacheri: Larva in penultimate instar (La Gomera, December 2011) [S] Mniotype schumacheri: Larva in penultimate instar (La Gomera, December 2011) [S] Mniotype schumacheri: Larva in penultimate instar (La Gomera, December 2011) [S] Mniotype schumacheri: Larva in last instar (La Gomera, December 2011) [S] Mniotype schumacheri: Larva in last instar (La Gomera, December 2011) [S] Mniotype schumacheri: Larva in last instar (La Gomera, December 2011) [S] Mniotype schumacheri: Larva in last instar (La Gomera, December 2011) [S] Mniotype schumacheri: Larva in last instar (La Gomera, December 2011) [S] Mniotype schumacheri: Larva in last instar (La Gomera, December 2011) [S] Mniotype schumacheri: Larva in last instar (La Gomera, December 2011) [S] Mniotype schumacheri: Larva in last instar (La Gomera, December 2011) [S] Mniotype schumacheri: Larva in last instar (La Gomera, December 2011) [S] Mniotype schumacheri: Larva in last instar (La Gomera, December 2011) [S] Mniotype schumacheri: Larva in last instar (La Gomera, December 2011) [S] Mniotype schumacheri: Larva in last instar (La Gomera, December 2011) [S] Mniotype schumacheri: Larva caudal [S] Mniotype schumacheri: Larva (head) in last instar (La Gomera, December 2011) Mniotype schumacheri: Larva (head) in last instar (La Gomera, December 2011) [S] Mniotype schumacheri: Pupa (e.l. La Gomera 2011) [S] Mniotype schumacheri: Pupa (e.l. La Gomera 2011) [S] Mniotype schumacheri: Larval habitat with Urtica morifolia in La Gomera in December 2011. [N] Mniotype schumacheri: Typical larval habitat in La Gomera: Urtica morifolia in the understory of a laurel forest. December 2011. [N] Mniotype schumacheri: Larval habitat in a laurel forest in La Gomera (December 2011). I observed larvae in the margin of the embankment on Erica and ferns. [N] Mniotype schumacheri: Larval habitat in La Gomera with ferns and Urtica. December 2011. [N]

Host plants:
The caterpillar lives polyphagous in the herb layer of the laurel forests. Own records in La Gomera include various ferns (Dryopteris oligodonta, D. guanchica and others), Urtica morifolia, Tradescantia and Argyranthemum broussonetii. Young caterpillars were also found at low seedlings of Erica arborea. But whether they had eaten there was not clear.

Habitat:
Mniotype schumacheri inhabits the Canary laurel forests (laurisilva). I found the caterpillars preferentially in shadowy places.

Life cycle:
The moths fly especially in autumn and winter. The caterpillars are quite common in the winter months (e.g. in December 2012, in La Gomera). Young, they often rest on the underside of leaves. In older stages they hide during the day on the ground in the litter. The young caterpillars are highly variable colored and marked depending on the host plant. The mature larvae are, however, fairly uniform. The pupa mostly aestivates. Occasional moths are also singly found in summer.

Endangerment: strongly endangered

Endangerment factors:
Mniotype schumacheri is often one of the more common species (at least as a caterpillar) at its sites. Nevertheless, the Canarian laurel forests have been reduced already extremely. The last stocks are by no means really protected, as especially increasing tourism and an increasing fire frequency show for example in La Gomera.

Remarks:
Mniotype schumacheri endemic to the Canary Islands (Spain) and found there in Tenerife, La Gomera and Gran Canaria.



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