Calophasia lunula (Hufnagel, 1766)


Calophasia lunula: Adult (e.l. eastern Swabian Alb, Southern Germany) [S] Calophasia lunula: Adult (e.l. eastern Swabian Alb, Southern Germany) [S] Calophasia lunula: Adult (e.l. Vinschgau, South Tyrol 2011) [S] Calophasia lunula: Adult (e.l. Vinschgau, South Tyrol 2011) [S] Calophasia lunula: Adult (e.l. Donaumoos, S-Bavaria) [S] Calophasia lunula: Female (e.l. Olympus, Greece, 2000m asl, larva in early August 2012) [S] Calophasia lunula: Adult (e.l. Hautes-Alpes, 1200m asl, larva in September 2012) [S] Calophasia lunula: Young larva (Vinschgau, South Tyrol, late July 2011) [N] Calophasia lunula: Young larva (Olympus, 2000m asl, early August 2012) [N] Calophasia lunula: Half-grown larva (Vinschgau, South Tyrol, late June 2011) [N] Calophasia lunula: Half-grown larva (Vinschgau, South Tyrol, late June 2011) [N] Calophasia lunula: Larva (Vinschgau, South Tyrol, June 2011) [N] Calophasia lunula: Larva (Vinschgau, South Tyrol, June 2011) [N] Calophasia lunula: Larva (Vinschgau, South Tyrol, June 2011) [M] Calophasia lunula: Larva (Vinschgau, South Tyrol, June 2011) [N] Calophasia lunula: Larva (Vinschgau, South Tyrol, June 2011) [N] Calophasia lunula: Larva (eastern Swabian Alb, Southern Germany) [M] Calophasia lunula: Larva (eastern Swabian Alb, Southern Germany) [M] Calophasia lunula: Larva (Hautes-Alpes, September 2012) [M] Calophasia lunula: Larva (Hautes-Alpes, September 2012) [M] Calophasia lunula: Larva (Hautes-Alpes, September 2012) [M] Calophasia lunula: Larva (Hautes-Alpes, September 2012) [M] Calophasia lunula: Larva (Donaumoos, S-Germany) [M] Calophasia lunula: Larva (Vinschgau, South Tyrol, June 2011) [N] Calophasia lunula: Larva (Hautes-Alpes, September 2012) [M] Calophasia lunula: Cocoon which war constructed vertically deep in the base of a Festuca-tuft (Valais, April 2009) [M] Calophasia lunula: Pupa (cocoon removed, Valais, April 2009) [S] Calophasia lunula: Larval habitat on the eastern Swabian Alb, Southern Germany in a limestone grassland (July 2009) [N] Calophasia lunula: Habitat on the eastern Swabian Alb, Southern Germany (July 2009) [N] Calophasia lunula: Larval habitat in the Hautes-Alpes (Linaria angustissima in the embankment, September 2012) [N]

Host plants:
The larvae feed on Linaria species, especially Linaria vulgaris, but also for example Linaria angustissima.

Habitat:
Calophasia lunula inhabits grasslands, rocky slopes ruderal terrain, roadsides and dry fallen fen areas.

Life cycle:
Calophasia lunula flies in one or two generations from May to August. The caterpillars are most often recorded in July and August, but also in June and September. The pupa overwinters in a cocoon that is often constructed in the base of grass tufts.

Endangerment factors:
Calophasia lunula has been pushed back in many regions due to the decline of suitable ruderal terrain and the general uniformization of the landscape (road and field margins shrink rapidly to zero as well as other structural elements), but is because of its mobility not under existential threat.

Remarks:
The total distribution extends across Europe and temperate Asia to the Amur. From Southern Europe partly to Valais, there are other similar species.



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