Synthymia fixa (Fabricius, 1787)


Synthymia fixa: Male (Spain, Andalusia, Cabo de Gata, late March 2015) [N] Synthymia fixa: Male (Spain, Andalusia, Cabo de Gata, late March 2015) [N] Synthymia fixa: Female (Spain, Andalusia, Cabo de Gata, late March 2015) [N] Synthymia fixa: Starting adult (Spain, Andalusia, Cabo de Gata, late March 2015) [N] Synthymia fixa: Adult (Spain, Andalusia, Maro, late March 2015) [N] Synthymia fixa: Larva (east Spain, Xodos near CastellÚn, late July 2013) [N] Synthymia fixa: Larva (east Spain, Xodos near CastellÚn, late July 2013) [N] Synthymia fixa: Larva (east Spain, Xodos near CastellÚn, late July 2013) [S] Synthymia fixa: Larva (east Spain, Xodos near CastellÚn, late July 2013) [N] Synthymia fixa: Larva (east Spain, Xodos near CastellÚn, late July 2013) [N] Synthymia fixa: Larva (east Spain, Xodos near CastellÚn, late July 2013) [N] Synthymia fixa: Pupa (e.l. east Spain, Xodos near CastellÚn, late July 2013) [S] Synthymia fixa: Habitat (Spain, Cabo de Gata, late March 2015) [N] Synthymia fixa: Habitat (Spain, Cabo de Gata, late March 2015) [N] Synthymia fixa: Larval habitat near Xodos (east Spain) in late July 2013 [N] Synthymia fixa: Larval habitat near Xodos (east Spain) in late July 2013 [N] Synthymia fixa: Larval habitat near Xodos (east Spain) in late July 2013 [N] Synthymia fixa: Larval habitat near Xodos (east Spain) in late July 2013 [N]

Host plants:
The larva feeds on Bituminaria bituminosa (Fabaceae).

Habitat:
Synthymia fixa in habits sunny grasslands, embankments, open dry and warm woodland, semi-arid areas and similar places with the host plant.

Life cycle:
The pupa hibernates and the moths fly in one generation between March and July, according to altitude. They are active during daytime. The larvae live from April to August. I found quite numerous larvae in east Spain near Xodos (CastellÚn) in late July 2013. Most larvae rested openly on flower stalks which they consumed preferably.

Remarks:
Synthymia fixa has an expansive Atlanto-Mediterranean distribution (Morocco, Iberian Peninsula, S-France, Italy) and reaches parts of former Yugoslavia (e.g. Croatia) in the east.


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