Hypena lividalis (Hübner, 1796)


Hypena lividalis: Adult (e.l. La Palma, December 2010) [S] Hypena lividalis: Adult (e.l. La Palma, December 2010) [S] Hypena lividalis: Adult (e.l. La Palma, December 2010) [S] Hypena lividalis: Adult (e.l. La Palma, December 2010) [S] Hypena lividalis: Adult (e.l. La Gomera) [S] Hypena lividalis: Adult (e.l. La Gomera) [S] Hypena lividalis: Adult (e.l. Tenerife 2012) [S] Hypena lividalis: Adult (e.l. Azores, Sao Miguel, 2013/2014) [S] Hypena lividalis: Adult (e.l. Azores, Sao Miguel, 2013/2014) [S] Hypena lividalis: Young larva (La Palma, December 2010) [M] Hypena lividalis: Half-grown larva (La Palma, December 2010) [M] Hypena lividalis: Larva (La Gomera) [N] Hypena lividalis: Larva (Azores, Sao Miguel, December 2013) [M] Hypena lividalis: Larva (Azores, Sao Miguel, December 2013) [M] Hypena lividalis: Larva (La Palma, December 2010) [N] Hypena lividalis: Larva (Azores, Sao Miguel, December 2013) [S] Hypena lividalis: Larva (La Palma, December 2010) [N] Hypena lividalis: Larva (La Palma, December 2010) [N] Hypena lividalis: Larva (La Palma, December 2010) [N] Hypena lividalis: Larva, head (La Palma, December 2010) [M] Hypena lividalis: Pupa [S] Hypena lividalis: Pupa (e.l. La Palma, December 2010) [S] Hypena lividalis: Habitat: Parietaria in a gap of a stair in La Gomera (Valle Hermoso) [N] Hypena lividalis: Habitat in La Palma: fallow area with Parietaria at the bottom of a wall, December 2010 [N]

Host plants:
The caterpillars feed primarily on Parietaria species. Presumably also Urtica is used.

Habitat:
The caterpillars are found mostly on Parietaria growing in wall joints, rocks, debris or roadsides. In La Gomera, I found it especially in villages. In La Palma Hypena lividalis could be observed in ruderal terrain of any kind, walls, rocks, and similar, often coastal sites in large numbers so that the larvae were the most common Noctuidae along with those of Spodoptera littoralis (on all sorts of herbaceous plants).

Life cycle:
Hypena lividalis has a continuous sequence of generations in enough warm areas (Canary Islands, Crete, etc.). The caterpillars, but also the moths, hide during the day often at the base or in the interior of the tufts.

Remarks:
Hypena lividalis is distributed palaeotropical-subtropical (especially Africa). In Europe, this species occurs in the Mediterranean. In addition, they also colonized the Atlantic Islands (Canaries, Azores and Madeira).

Hypena lividalis is nowadays observed in many subtropical and tropical regions throughout the world due to passive transport.



Hypena crassalis | Hypena munitalis | Hypena obesalis | Hypena obsitalis | Hypena palpalis | Hypena proboscidalis | Hypena rostralis 
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