Scopula immorata (Linnaeus, 1758)


Scopula immorata: Adult (eastern Swabian Alb, Dischingen, June 2013) [N] Scopula immorata: Adult (eastern Swabian Alb, Dischingen, June 2013) [N] Scopula immorata: Adult (eastern Swabian Alb, Dischingen, June 2013) [N] Scopula immorata: Adult (eastern Swabian Alb) [M] Scopula immorata: Adult (e.l. Alpes-Maritimes 2012) [S] Scopula immorata: Larva (Alpes-Maritimes, 1500m NN, April 2012 [M] Scopula immorata: Larva (e.l. Alpes-Maritimes, 1500m NN, April 2012 [S] Scopula immorata: Larva (e.l. Alpes-Maritimes, 1500m NN, April 2012 [S] Scopula immorata: Flushed larva (e.l. Alpes-Maritimes, 1500m NN, April 2012 [S] Scopula immorata: Pupa (e.l. Alpes-Maritimes 2012) [S] Scopula immorata: Habitat in a somewhat fresher, higher growing limestone grassland of the Swabian Alb in Germany (June 2010) [N] Scopula immorata: Larval habitat in the Alpes-Maritimes in April 2012: higher growing rocky meadows and forbs  [N]

Host plants:
The caterpillar is polyphagous, but prefers Fabaceae such as Onobrychis and Lotus.

Habitat:
Scopula immorata colonizes at least in places knee-high growing extensively grazed grasslands and extensively managed meadows. Sometimes it is also observed in grassy clearcuttings.

Life cycle:
The caterpillar overwinters. The moths may be encountered in two generations from May to early July and from mid-July to August. Above 500m asl it is obviously often largely limited to only a single generation from late May to early August, although few moths of a partial second generation are observed from August.

Endangerment factors:
Scopula immorata is in decline due to the huge reduction of extensive meadows. But it is steadily occurring on remaining grasslands.

Remarks:
The spread ranges from Spain to Mongolia.



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