Scotopteryx bipunctaria ([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775)


Scotopteryx bipunctaria: Adult (eastern Swabian Alb, Southern Germany, August 2011) [N] Scotopteryx bipunctaria: Adult (e.l. eastern Swabian Alb, Southern Germany 2011) [S] Scotopteryx bipunctaria: Adult (e.l. eastern Swabian Alb, Southern Germany 2011) [S] Scotopteryx bipunctaria: Adult (eastern Swabian Alb, Southern Germany, August 2011) [N] Scotopteryx bipunctaria: Adult (e.l. Abruzzes, L Scotopteryx bipunctaria: Adult [N] Scotopteryx bipunctaria: Young larva [S] Scotopteryx bipunctaria: Young larva [S] Scotopteryx bipunctaria: Half-grown larva [S] Scotopteryx bipunctaria: Half-grown larva [S] Scotopteryx bipunctaria: Larva [S] Scotopteryx bipunctaria: Larva (Abruzzes, L Scotopteryx bipunctaria: Larva [S] Scotopteryx bipunctaria: Larva [S] Scotopteryx bipunctaria: Larva [S] Scotopteryx bipunctaria: Pupa [S] Scotopteryx bipunctaria: Habitat in in a gappy limestone grassland (district of Heidenheim/Brenz, eastern Swabian Alb, Southern Germany, 2011) [N]

Host plants:
According to literature, the caterpillar lives polyphagous on herbs, but prefers Fabaceae such as Lotus, Hippocrepis and Coronilla.

Habitat:
Scotopteryx bipunctaria is most often found in nutrient-poor, stony grasslands and limestone juniper slopes.

Life cycle:
The moths fly in a single generation from July to early September (few individuals sometimes even sooner). The caterpillar overwinters.

Endangerment: endangered

Endangerment factors:
Scotopteryx bipunctaria is in decline due to loss of grasslands (eutrophication, abandonment and felting and bush encroachment, overbuilding, agricultural intensification). But it is still quite steady on remaining nutrient-poor grasslands.

Remarks:
The distribution extends from Morocco across Europe to the Caspian Sea.



Scotopteryx chenopodiata | Scotopteryx coarctaria | Scotopteryx moeniata | Scotopteryx peribolata