Ephippiger ephippiger (Fiebig, 1784)

Synonyms/other combinations:
Ephippiger diurnus

Ephippiger ephippiger: Female (Northern Greece, Serres, late July 2012) [N] Ephippiger ephippiger: Female (Northern Greece, Serres, late July 2012) [N] Ephippiger ephippiger: Female (Cevennes, Southern France, July 2012) [N] Ephippiger ephippiger: Male (Cevennes, July 2012) [N] Ephippiger ephippiger: Male (Cevennes, July 2012) [N] Ephippiger ephippiger: Male (Cevennes, July 2012) [N] Ephippiger ephippiger: Male (Serres, Northern Greece, late July 2012) [N] Ephippiger ephippiger: Male (Serres, Northern Greece, late July 2012) [N] Ephippiger ephippiger: Female larva (Bulgaria, Bansko, late July 2013) [N] Ephippiger ephippiger: Large female larva (Bulgaria, Bansko, late July 2013) [N] Ephippiger ephippiger: Habitat in Northern Greece (Serres, late July 2012) [N] Ephippiger ephippiger: Habitat in the southern Cevennes in France (July 2012). The imagines have been observerd sitting on Euphorbia nicaea. [N]

Nutrition:
Plants and small animals (insects).

Habitat:
Ephippiger ephippiger occurs in vertically well structured, xerothermous habitats such as fallow vineyards, dry, shrub-rich, steppe-like grasslands, bright white oak stocks (Quercus pubescens) etc. The insects are oriented vertically and are often found on bushes.

Life cycle:
The adults are found from July to October. The eggs overwinter in moss and earth, according to literature several times.

Endangerment: threatened with extinction

Endangerment factors:
In Germany Ephippiger ephippiger is critically endangered at the very few still existing sites (today almost exclusively in the middle Rhine valley area and its warmest tributary river valleys) by habitat changes. In Southern Europe (e.g. Southern France or Northern Greece) it is still more common.



Ephippiger cunii | Ephippiger discoidalis | Ephippiger melisi | Ephippiger persicarius | Ephippiger ruffoi | Ephippiger terrestris