Hipparchia fatua (Freyer, 1844)


Hipparchia fatua: Adult (Rhodes, Archangelos, September 2013) [N] Hipparchia fatua: Adult (Rhodes, Apolakkia, September 2013) [N] Hipparchia fatua: Adult (Rhodes, September 2013) [N] Hipparchia fatua: Adult (Rhodes, Apolakkia, September 2013) [N] Hipparchia fatua: Adult (Rhodes, Apolakkia, September 2013) [N] Hipparchia fatua: Adult (Rhodes, Apolakkia, September 2013) [N] Hipparchia fatua: Adult (Rhodes, Apolakkia, September 2013) [N] Hipparchia fatua: Adult (Rhodes, Attaviros, 400m asl, September 2013) [N] Hipparchia fatua: Larva in penultimate instar (Samos, early May 2013) [M] Hipparchia fatua: Larva in penultimate instar (Samos, early May 2013) [N] Hipparchia fatua: Larva in penultimate instar (Samos, early May 2013) [M] Hipparchia fatua: Larva (e.l. Samos 2009) [S] Hipparchia fatua: Larva (e.l. Samos 2009) [S] Hipparchia fatua: Larva (e.l. Samos 2009) [S] Hipparchia fatua: Pupa (e.l. Samos 2009) [S] Hipparchia fatua: Butterfly habitat in Rhodes (Apolakkia, September 2013). Adults were drinking on humid sand. [N] Hipparchia fatua: Habitat in 300m asl near Lindos (Rhodes, September 2013) [N] Hipparchia fatua: Habitat on a clearing in the pine forest (Rhodes, Attaviros, September 2013). Hipparchia syriaca was a common companion there. [N] Hipparchia fatua: Larval habitat between street and cliff in Samos near the coast in May 2009 in Samos [N]

Host plants:
The larva feeds on grasses.

Habitat:
Hipparchia fatua inhabits dry and hot habitats in low altitudes, often near the coast. I observed the butterflies in Rhodes often in dry river beds, but also on rocky slopes and in open pine forest. In Samos I observed larvae in a grassy stripe between road and cliff near the coast.

Life cycle:
The caterpillars hibernate and are mature in May. This is much earlier than it is the case with the related Hipparchia statilinus. The adults are on the wing between June and October. In hot arid regions such as Rhodes they aestivate and oviposit in autumn. The larvae can locally reach high densities and can be found near the ground at daytime.

Remarks:
Hipparchia fatua occurs in Southeastern Europe from Croatia and Bulgaria to Greece. It is also found in Asia Minor, Transcaucasia and the Near East.



Hipparchia alcyone | Hipparchia azorina | Hipparchia cretica | Hipparchia cypriensis | Hipparchia fagi | Hipparchia fidia | Hipparchia genava | Hipparchia maderensis | Hipparchia semele | Hipparchia senthes | Hipparchia statilinus | Hipparchia syriaca