Hipparchia alcyone ([Denis & SchiffermŁller], 1775)

Synonyms/other combinations:
Hipparchia hermione

Hipparchia alcyone: Adult (Spain, CastellÚn, July 2013) [N] Hipparchia alcyone: Adult (Spain, CastellÚn, July 2013) [N] Hipparchia alcyone: Adult (Spain, Tarragona, July 2013) [N] Hipparchia alcyone: Adult (Spain, Tarragona, July 2013) [S] Hipparchia alcyone: Egg (east Spain, Teruel, August 2013) [M] Hipparchia alcyone: L1 larva (e.o. east Spain, Teruel, 2013) [S] Hipparchia alcyone: Larva in the end of the first instar (e.o. Teruel 2013) [S] Hipparchia alcyone: L2 (e.o. Teruel 2013) [S] Hipparchia alcyone: Half grown larva (e.o. Teruel 2013) [S] Hipparchia alcyone: Half grown larva (e.o. Teruel 2013) [S] Hipparchia alcyone: Larva in the penultimate instar (e.o. Teruel 2013) [S] Hipparchia alcyone: Larva in the penultimate instar (e.o. Teruel 2013) [S] Hipparchia alcyone: Larva (e.o. Teruel 2013) [S] Hipparchia alcyone: Larva (e.o. Teruel 2013) [S] Hipparchia alcyone: Larva (e.o. Teruel 2013) [S] Hipparchia alcyone: Larva (e.o. Teruel 2013) [S] Hipparchia alcyone: Larva (e.o. Teruel 2013) [S] Hipparchia alcyone: Larva (e.o. Teruel 2013) [S] Hipparchia alcyone: Pupa (e.o. East Spain, Teruel, 2013) [S] Hipparchia alcyone: Pupa (e.o. East Spain, Teruel, 2013) [S] Hipparchia alcyone: Pupa (e.o. East Spain, Teruel, 2013) [S] Hipparchia alcyone: Pupa (e.o. East Spain, Teruel, 2013) [S] Hipparchia alcyone: Habitat in East Spain (CastellÚn, July 2013) [N] Hipparchia alcyone: Habitat in East Spain (CastellÚn, July 2013) [N] Hipparchia alcyone: Habitat in East Spain (Tarragona, July 2013) [N]

Host plants:
The larva feeds on grasses, often Festuca.

Habitat:
Hipparchia alcyone inhabits dry and warm, often shrubby places such as woodland margins, bushy, stony slopes, open, stony or sandy forests, pastures and similar biotops.

Life cycle:
The butterflies are observed between late June and early September. The larva hibernates and is mature mostly in May.

Endangerment factors:
Hipparchia alcyone is endangered in eastern Central Europe due to the loss of open sandy woodlands and grasslands.

Remarks:
Hipparchia alcyone occurs in Europe in the Iberian Peninsula and then disjunct in the northeast from East Germany and East Austria eastward. A local occurrence exists in S-Norway. The distribution of the similar Hipparchia genava is located partly in between (S-France, W-Switzerland, Italy).

Hipparchia alcyone also occurs in Morocco.



Hipparchia azorina | Hipparchia cretica | Hipparchia cypriensis | Hipparchia fagi | Hipparchia fatua | Hipparchia fidia | Hipparchia genava | Hipparchia maderensis | Hipparchia semele | Hipparchia senthes | Hipparchia statilinus | Hipparchia syriaca