Phyllodesma tremulifolia (Hübner, 1810)


Phyllodesma tremulifolia: Adult (e.l. Hautes-Alpes, larva in July 2012) [S] Phyllodesma tremulifolia: Adult (e.l. Hautes-Alpes, Durance, larva in early July 2012) [S] Phyllodesma tremulifolia: Adult (e.l. Hautes-Alpes, larva in July 2012) [S] Phyllodesma tremulifolia: Adult [S] Phyllodesma tremulifolia: Larva [S] Phyllodesma tremulifolia: Larva (Hautes Alpes, France, early July 2012) [N] Phyllodesma tremulifolia: Larva (Hautes Alpes, France, early July 2012) [M] Phyllodesma tremulifolia: Larva (Hautes Alpes, France, early July 2012) [M] Phyllodesma tremulifolia: Larva (Hautes Alpes, France, early July 2012) [M] Phyllodesma tremulifolia: Larva [S] Phyllodesma tremulifolia: Cocoon (e.l. Hautes-Alpes 2012) [S] Phyllodesma tremulifolia: Pupa (e.l. Hautes-Alpes 2012) [S] Phyllodesma tremulifolia: Larval habitat in the French Hautes-Alpes: Hippophae rhamnoides in a grassland (July 2012) [N] Phyllodesma tremulifolia: Habitat with Quercus pubescens in the Durance valley, France, July 2012) [N]

Host plants:
The larvae feed especially on Quercus species. Additionally, they use other woods as a own observation on Hippophae rhamnoides shows.

Habitat:
Phyllodesma tremulifolia inhabits warm, open oak woodlands (coppice woodland, Quercus pubescens cripple woods etc.) Phyllodesma tremulifolia is more common for example in the vast forests of white oak around the Verdon Gorge (Alpes-de-Haute-Provence). In Central Europe it occurs only in climatically favored regions.

Life cycle:
The pupa hibernates. The moths appear in April/May with a partial second emergence in summer in Southern Europe. The caterpillar lives until July/August and rests well camouflaged at branches.

Endangerment: threatened with extinction

Endangerment factors:
In Central Europe Phyllodesma tremulifolia is endangered by decline of habitat (dark forest management, trivialization of the landscape).

Remarks:
Phyllodesma tremulifolia is distributed from Andalusia across Southern and Central Europe to southern Russia.