Lasiocampa terreni (Herrich-Schäffer, [1847])


Lasiocampa terreni: Male (e.l. Samos Island, Greece, Ireon, larva in March 2016) [S] Lasiocampa terreni: Male (e.l. Samos Island, Greece, Ireon, larva in March 2016) [S] Lasiocampa terreni: Male (e.l. Samos Island, Greece, Ireon, larva in March 2016) [S] Lasiocampa terreni: Male (e.l. Samos Island, Greece, Ireon, larva in March 2016) [S] Lasiocampa terreni: Female (e.l. Samos Island, Greece, Ireon, larva in March 2016) [S] Lasiocampa terreni: Female (e.l. Samos Island, Greece, Ireon, larva in March 2016) [S] Lasiocampa terreni: Female (e.l. Samos Island, Greece, Ireon, larva in March 2016) [S] Lasiocampa terreni: Eggs (e.l. rearing Samos 2016) [S] Lasiocampa terreni: Half-grown larva (Samos, Ireon, March 2016) [N] Lasiocampa terreni: Half-grown larva (Samos, Ireon, March 2016) [N] Lasiocampa terreni: Half-grown larva in moult rest on Echium angustifolium (Samos, Ireon, March 2016) [N] Lasiocampa terreni: Half-grown larva in moult rest on Echium angustifolium (Samos, Ireon, March 2016) [N] Lasiocampa terreni: Half-grown larva in moult rest on Echium angustifolium (Samos, Ireon, March 2016) [N] Lasiocampa terreni: Half-grown larva (Samos, Ireon, March 2016) Lasiocampa terreni: Half-grown larva (Samos, Ireon, March 2016) [N] Lasiocampa terreni: Half-grown larva (Samos, Ireon, March 2016) [N] Lasiocampa terreni: Half-grown larva (Samos, Ireon, March 2016) [N] Lasiocampa terreni: Half-grown larva (Samos, Ireon, March 2016) [N] Lasiocampa terreni: Half-grown larva, rear end (Samos, Ireon, March 2016) [N] Lasiocampa terreni: Half-grown larva in moult rest (Samos, Ireon, March 2016) [N] Lasiocampa terreni: Larva feeding on a Fabaceae plant (Samos Island, Ireon, early March 2016) [N] Lasiocampa terreni: Larva (Ireon, Samos Island, Greece, early March 2016) [N] Lasiocampa terreni: Larva (Ireon, Samos Island, Greece, early March 2016) [N] Lasiocampa terreni: Larva (Ireon, Samos Island, Greece, early March 2016) [M] Lasiocampa terreni: Larva (Ireon, Samos Island, Greece, early March 2016) [M] Lasiocampa terreni: Larva (Ireon, Samos Island, Greece, early March 2016) [N] Lasiocampa terreni: Larva (Ireon, Samos Island, Greece, early March 2016) [N] Lasiocampa terreni: Larva (Ireon, Samos Island, Greece, early March 2016) [N] Lasiocampa terreni: Larva (Ireon, Samos Island, Greece, early March 2016) [N] Lasiocampa terreni: Larva (Ireon, Samos Island, Greece, early March 2016) [N] Lasiocampa terreni: Larva (Ireon, Samos Island, Greece, early March 2016) [M] Lasiocampa terreni: Larva (Ireon, Samos Island, Greece, early March 2016) [N] Lasiocampa terreni: Larva (Ireon, Samos Island, Greece, early March 2016) Lasiocampa terreni: Larva (Ireon, Samos Island, Greece, early March 2016) [M] Lasiocampa terreni: Larva (Ireon, Samos Island, Greece, early March 2016) [M] Lasiocampa terreni: Cocoon (e.l. rearing Samos 2016) [S] Lasiocampa terreni: Cocoon (e.l. rearing Samos 2016) [S] Lasiocampa terreni: Female pupa, coccon artificially opened (e.l. Samos 2016) [S] Lasiocampa terreni: Larva in moult rest on old reed (Samos, Ireon, early March 2016) [N] Lasiocampa terreni: Larva in moult rest on old reed (Samos, Ireon, early March 2016) [N] Lasiocampa terreni: Larval habitat with caterpillar in moult rest on old reed (Samos, Ireon, early March 2016) [N] Lasiocampa terreni: Larva (Samos, March 2016) [N] Lasiocampa terreni: Larva (Ireon, Samos Island, Greece, early March 2016) [N] Lasiocampa terreni: Larval habitat (Samos, Ireon, March 2016) [N] Lasiocampa terreni: Larval habitat (Samos, Ireon, March 2016) [N] Lasiocampa terreni: Larval habitat. Larvae could be found especially in the transition zone of the reed belt. (Samos, Ireon, March 2016) [N] Lasiocampa terreni: Larval habitat, view from the margin of the reed towards the sea. (Samos, Ireon, March 2016) [N] Lasiocampa terreni: Larval habitat (Samos, Ireon, March 2016) [N] Lasiocampa terreni: Larval habitat especially in the background. In the foreground sandy Echium angustifolia stands with only very few larvae (Samos, Ireon, March 2016) [N]

Host plants:
The larvae are polyphagous and feed especially on Fabaceae (Trifolium, Vicia, Onobrychis etc.), but also other herbs, low shrubs (one larva near Mytillini on Samos) and rarely grasses. I found only a single larva on Echium angustifolium which was in moult rest. This plant that was mentioned by Fritsch et al. (2014) in the first place was even not accepted as a food plant in my rearing.

Habitat:
In Samos Island Lasiocampa terreni inhabits especially coastal wetlands in the Southeast. I recorded most larvae in the grassy and herb-rich, occasionally grazed (goats) transition zone of the sandy beach and the reed belt. In the open, dry and sandy coastal zone with Echium angustifolium I could hardly find a larva, but contrarily several larvae directly within the reed belt. But the larval habitat can be quite polymorphic. I also found a larva in a dry olive grove with garrigue-like undergrowth in the backland near Mytillini.

Life cycle:
The larvae live between autumn and spring. They are mature between March and April. The cocoons aestivate and moths occur between (late August) September and early November. Older larvae usually hide away in low vegetation during daytime. Only individuals in moult rest can be seen more exposed. From late afternoon feeding activity rises. The most larvae sit directly on the ground.

Endangerment factors:
Lasiocampa terreni is locally endangered due to cultivation or overbuilding of its larval habitats. Coastal wetlands and extensively grazed ruderals are more and more pushed back even in areas like Samos Island.

Remarks:
Lasiocampa terreni occurs on some East Egean Islands (Greece, especially Samos and Rhodes), in Asia Minor, on Cyprus and in the Near and Middle East (e.g. Iran).

Literature:
FRITSCH, D., STANGELMAIER, G., TOP-JENSEN, M., BECH, K. (2014): Die nachtaktive Großschmetterlingsfauna von Samos (Griechenland, Östliche Ägäis) (Lepidoptera: Cossoidea, Lasiocampoidea, Bombycoidea, Drepanoidea, Geometroidea, Noctuoidea). — Esperiana. Buchreihe zur Entomologie. Band 19: 7-101. Bad Staffelstein.

OSWALD, R. (2004): Lasiocampa terreni (HERRICH-SCHÄFFER, 1847) – neu für Europa. — Nachrichtenblatt der bayerischen Entomologen 53 (1/2): 31.



Lasiocampa grandis | Lasiocampa quercus | Lasiocampa trifolii