Melitaea parthenoides Keferstein, 1851


Melitaea parthenoides: Female (e.o. Aisa, Spanish west Pyrenees 2010) [S] Melitaea parthenoides: Female (e.o. Aisa, Spanish west Pyrenees 2010) [S] Melitaea parthenoides: Male (e.o. Aisa, Spanish west Pyrenees 2010) [S] Melitaea parthenoides: Female (e.o. Aisa, Spanish west Pyrenees 2010) [S] Melitaea parthenoides: Female (Aisa, Spanish west Pyrenees 2010) [N] Melitaea parthenoides: Lower side (e.o. Spanish west Pyreneese, Aisa, 2010) [S] Melitaea parthenoides: Lower side (e.o. Spanish west Pyrenees, Aisa, 2010) [S] Melitaea parthenoides: Lower side (e.o. Spanish west Pyrenees, Aisa, 2010) [S] Melitaea parthenoides: Upper side (e.l. Alpes de Haute Provence, France) [S] Melitaea parthenoides: Lower side (Alpes de Haute Provence, France) [S] Melitaea parthenoides: Ovae (Aisa, 2010) [S] Melitaea parthenoides: Young larva (e.o. Aisa 2010) [S] Melitaea parthenoides: Half-grown larva (e.o. Spanish west Pyrenees, Aisa 2010) [S] Melitaea parthenoides: Larva (e.o. Spanish west Pyrenees, Aisa 2010) [S] Melitaea parthenoides: Larva (e.o. Spanish west Pyrenees, Aisa 2010) [S] Melitaea parthenoides: Larva (e.o. Spanish west Pyrenees, Aisa 2010) [S] Melitaea parthenoides: Larva (e.o. Spanish west Pyrenees, Aisa 2010) [S] Melitaea parthenoides: Larva (e.o. Spanish west Pyrenees, Aisa 2010) [S] Melitaea parthenoides: Larva (Alpes de Haute Provence, France) [N] Melitaea parthenoides: Pupa (e.o. Aisa 2010) [S] Melitaea parthenoides: Pupa (e.o. Aisa 2010) [S] Melitaea parthenoides: Pupa (e.o. Aisa 2010) [S] Melitaea parthenoides: Pupa (e.o. Aisa 2010) [S] Melitaea parthenoides: Pupa (Alpes de Haute Provence, France) [S] Melitaea parthenoides: Habitat in the Spanish west Pyrenees near Aisa (July 2010) [N] Melitaea parthenoides: Habitat in the Spanish west Pyrenees near Aisa (July 2010) [N]

Host plants:
The caterpillars feed on Plantago, possibly also Scrophulariaceae.

Habitat:
Melitaea parthenoides colonizes dry limestone grasslands, wetlands (fens), and mesophilic, extensive grassland.

Life cycle:
Melitaea parthenoides occurs in one or two generations with adults in May/June and August/September or with one generation only in June/July as on wet meadows in the Allgäu in southwest Bavaria. The caterpillar overwinters.

Endangerment: strongly endangered

Endangerment factors:
Melitaea parthenoides is in strong decline in Germany, where it occurs only in the southwest approximately to the Allgäu (SW-Bavaria) due to habitat loss. Melitaea parthenoides needs unfelted, meagre meadows. I observed larvae, for example, in the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence at 1500m above sea level on Plantago media in May.

Remarks:
The total distribution is Atlanto-Mediterranean with occurrance from the Iberian Peninsula, across France, Switzerland to Southern Germany.



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