Maniola cecilia (Vallantin, 1894)


Maniola cecilia: Adult (southern Cevennes, July 2012) [N] Maniola cecilia: Adult (southern Cevennes, July 2012) [N] Maniola cecilia: Male (east Spain, Tortosa, July 2013) [N] Maniola cecilia: Male (southern Cevennes, July 2012) [N] Maniola cecilia: Male (Andalusia, late June 2008) [N] Maniola cecilia: Lower side (Andalusia, late June 2008) [N] Maniola cecilia: Egg (Spain, Teruel, late August 2013) [S] Maniola cecilia: Egg (Spain, Teruel, late August 2013) [S] Maniola cecilia: Habitat in low altitude in the southern Cevennes in July 2012: xerothermic open place in a holm oak woodland. [N]

Host plants:
Grasses (Poaceae)

Habitat:
Maniola cecilia colonizes dry, hot spots on rocky and bushy slopes, in sparse forests and other places which show a mosaic of grasslands and sparse dry forest.

Life cycle:
The caterpillar overwinters small and develops until May or early June. The adults fly from late June to August.

Endangerment factors:
Light dry forests have been and are quickly destroyed at every opportunity, because they yield little financial gain. So also Maniola cecilia is in decline.

Remarks:
The distribution extends across north Africa and the Mediterranean region (most common in the Iberian Peninsula, Southern France and Southern Italy) to Turkey.



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