Euphydryas desfontainii (Godart, 1819)


Euphydryas desfontainii: Female (Sierra Nevada, Andalusia, June 2008) [N] Euphydryas desfontainii: Female (Sierra Nevada, Andalusia, June 2008) [N] Euphydryas desfontainii: Male (Sierra Nevada, June 2008) [N] Euphydryas desfontainii: Ovae [S] Euphydryas desfontainii: Young larvae (e.o. Sierra Nevada 2008) [S] Euphydryas desfontainii: Young larvae [S] Euphydryas desfontainii: Half-grown larvae [S] Euphydryas desfontainii: Half-grown larva [S] Euphydryas desfontainii: Larva in penultimate instar [S] Euphydryas desfontainii: Larva [S] Euphydryas desfontainii: Larva [S] Euphydryas desfontainii: Larva [S] Euphydryas desfontainii: Larva [S] Euphydryas desfontainii: Female pupa [S] Euphydryas desfontainii: Female pupa [S] Euphydryas desfontainii: Male pupa [S] Euphydryas desfontainii: Pupa prior to emergence [S] Euphydryas desfontainii: Habitat in Andalusien (June 2008) [N]

Host plants:
The eggs are deposited according to literature on Dipsacaceae (Knautia, Scabiosa, Cephalaria, Dipsacus). Possibly also Lonicera plays an important role.

Habitat:
Euphydryas desfontainii inhabits warm, open scrub, scree slopes or forest-near, structure-rich grasslands, often together with Melitaea deione and Euphydryas aurinia beckeri.

Life cycle:
At first, the larvae live gregariously in a webbing and overwinter half-grown. They are mature in the spring (April or May) and live then more singly. The adults fly mostly in May, more rarely as early as April or until late June. In the Sierra Nevada (Andalucia), I met old males and fresh females in the last third of June 2008 (late year). The males often sit on small bushes. The females like to visit flowers.

Endangerment factors:
Euphydryas desfontainii is locally threatened by expansion of intensive agriculture into so far natural habitats and the exuberant tourism (infrastructure).

Remarks:
The distribution extends from Morocco and western Algeria across the Iberian peninsula (locally, especially in the mountains up to 1800m above sea level) and reaches just the lowest elevations of the French Eastern Pyrenees.



Euphydryas aurinia | Euphydryas cynthia | Euphydryas intermedia | Euphydryas maturna