Satyrium pruni (Linnaeus, 1758)

Satyrium pruni: Adult (eastern Swabian Alb, Southern Germany) [N] Satyrium pruni: Adult (eastern Swabian Alb, Southern Germany) [N] Satyrium pruni: Adult Satyrium pruni: Adult, resting near ground in a bushy grassland on the eastern Swabian Alb (freshly emerged?) [N] Satyrium pruni: Ovae [N] Satyrium pruni: Ovum [M] Satyrium pruni: Half-grown larva [M] Satyrium pruni: Larva in penultimate instar [M] Satyrium pruni: Larva [S] Satyrium pruni: Larva [S] Satyrium pruni: Larva (Memmingen, river Iller, May 2013) [M] Satyrium pruni: Larva (river Iller near Memmingen, S-Germany, May 2013) [M] Satyrium pruni: Larva [M] Satyrium pruni: Pupa [S] Satyrium pruni: Pupa [S] Satyrium pruni: Habitat: Prunus spinosa shrub in a warm grassland area. Here is Satyrium acaciae syntopically found. but the latter oviposits more at the marginal, smaller bushes (eastern Swabian Alb, Germany). [N] Satyrium pruni: Habitat (near Böblingen, Baden-Württemberg, Germany) [N]

Host plants:
The larvae feed on Prunus species, especially Prunus spinosa, but also Prunus padus and plums.

Satyrium pruni lives in hedges, on shrub-rich grasslands, bright riparian forests, coppice forests and rarely also gardens. Satyrium pruni prefers warm grassland/scrub biotopes and clear floodplain forests.

Life cycle:
The caterpillar overwinters in the egg shell. The eggs are not conspicuous and not so easy to find such as those of Satyrium spini or Thecla betulae. Thus it is additionally recommended to search for larvae (tapping) in order to detect Satyrium pruni. The larvae are observed on old blackthorn bushes as well as on dwarf shrubs as long as they are able to bloom. The caterpillar is mature in May and the adults mostly fly in June and early July.

Endangerment: regionally endangered or decreasing

Endangerment factors:
Despite its ecological plasticity, Satyrium pruni is endangered by the destruction of hedgerows and open forest areas as well as too rigid removal of shrub in grasslands. In areas with many shrub-rich dry grasslands as the Swabian Jura Satyrium pruni is still quite widespread and sometimes common.

The butterflies play in the early evening around interspersed trees in the hedges. They are quite rarely observed when visiting flowers (e.g. privet).

The distribution extends from the Pyrenees across central and Eastern Europe to east Asia (Korea, Japan).

Satyrium acaciae | Satyrium esculi | Satyrium ilicis | Satyrium ledereri | Satyrium spini | Satyrium w-album