Ocnogyna clathrata (Lederer, 1855)


Ocnogyna clathrata: Male (e.l. Cyprus, Paphos, larva in mid-April 2017) [S] Ocnogyna clathrata: Male (e.l. Cyprus, Paphos, larva in mid-April 2017) [S] Ocnogyna clathrata: Male (e.l. Cyprus, Paphos, larva in mid-April 2017) [S] Ocnogyna clathrata: Male (e.l. Cyprus, Paphos, larva in mid-April 2017) [S] Ocnogyna clathrata: Male (e.l. Cyprus, Paphos, larva in mid-April 2017) [S] Ocnogyna clathrata: Male (e.l. Cyprus, Paphos, larva in mid-April 2017) [S] Ocnogyna clathrata: Male (e.l. Cyprus, Paphos, larva in mid-April 2017) [S] Ocnogyna clathrata: Male (e.l. Cyprus, Paphos, larva in mid-April 2017) [S] Ocnogyna clathrata: Male (e.l. Cyprus, Paphos, larva in mid-April 2017) [S] Ocnogyna clathrata: Female (e.l. Cyprus, Paphos, larva in mid-April 2017) [S] Ocnogyna clathrata: Female (e.l. Cyprus, Paphos, larva in mid-April 2017) [S] Ocnogyna clathrata: Female (e.l. Cyprus, Paphos, larva in mid-April 2017) [S] Ocnogyna clathrata: Female (e.l. Cyprus, Paphos, larva in mid-April 2017) [S] Ocnogyna clathrata: Female (e.l. Cyprus, Paphos, larva in mid-April 2017) [S] Ocnogyna clathrata: Female (e.l. Cyprus, Paphos, larva in mid-April 2017) [S] Ocnogyna clathrata: Female (e.l. Cyprus, Paphos, larva in mid-April 2017) [S] Ocnogyna clathrata: Female (e.l. Cyprus, Paphos, larva in mid-April 2017) [S] Ocnogyna clathrata: Batch of eggs (e.l. rearing, Cyprus, Paphos, larva in mid-April 2017) [S] Ocnogyna clathrata: Half-grown larva (Cyprus, Paphos, mid-April 2017) [S] Ocnogyna clathrata: Half-grown larva (Cyprus, Paphos, mid-April 2017) [S] Ocnogyna clathrata: Half-grown larvae (Cyprus, Paphos, mid-April 2017) [S] Ocnogyna clathrata: Half-grown larvae (Cyprus, Akrotiri, late February 2017) [N] Ocnogyna clathrata: Half-grown larvae (Cyprus, Akrotiri, late February 2017) [N] Ocnogyna clathrata: Half-grown larvae (Cyprus, Akrotiri, late February 2017) [N] Ocnogyna clathrata: Half-grown larva (Cyprus, Akrotiri, late February 2017) [N] Ocnogyna clathrata: Half-grown larva (Cyprus, Paphos, mid-April 2017) [S] Ocnogyna clathrata: Half-grown larva (Cyprus, Paphos, mid-April 2017) [S] Ocnogyna clathrata: Larva (e.l. rearing, Cyprus, Akrotiri, larva in late February 2017) [S] Ocnogyna clathrata: Larva (e.l. rearing, Cyprus, Akrotiri, larva in late February 2017) [S] Ocnogyna clathrata: Larva (e.l. rearing, Cyprus, Akrotiri, larva in late February 2017) [S] Ocnogyna clathrata: Larva (e.l. rearing, Cyprus, Akrotiri, larva in late February 2017) [S] Ocnogyna clathrata: Larva (e.l. rearing, Cyprus, Akrotiri, larva in late February 2017) [S] Ocnogyna clathrata: Larva (e.l. rearing, Cyprus, Akrotiri, larva in late February 2017) [S] Ocnogyna clathrata: Larva (e.l. rearing, Cyprus, Akrotiri, larva in late February 2017) [S] Ocnogyna clathrata: Larva (e.l. rearing, Cyprus, Akrotiri, larva in late February 2017) [S] Ocnogyna clathrata: Larva (e.l. rearing, Cyprus, Akrotiri, larva in late February 2017) [S] Ocnogyna clathrata: Larva (e.l. rearing, Cyprus, Akrotiri, larva in late February 2017) [S] Ocnogyna clathrata: Male pupa (e.l. rearing, Cyprus, Akrotiri, larva in late February 2017) [S] Ocnogyna clathrata: Female pupa (e.l. rearing, Cyprus, Akrotiri, larva in late February 2017) [S] Ocnogyna clathrata: Female pupa (e.l. rearing, Cyprus, Akrotiri, larva in late February 2017) [S] Ocnogyna clathrata: Half-grown larvae (Cyprus, Paphos, mid-April 2017) [N] Ocnogyna clathrata: Half-grown larvae (Cyprus, Akrotiri, late February 2017) [N] Ocnogyna clathrata: Feeding scars on Cichorium, larvae already moved away (Cyprus, Akrotiri, late February 2017) [N] Ocnogyna clathrata: Larval habitat (Cyprus, Akrotiri, late February 2017) [N] Ocnogyna clathrata: Larval habitat (Cyprus, 700m, mid-April 2017) [N]

Host plants:
The larvae are very polyphagous on herbaceous plants, very rarely also grasses.

Habitat:
Ocnogyna clathrata inhabits various open or semiopen and most often dry and warm habitats like gravel banks, garigues, mountain slopes, fallow land, goat pastures etc.

Life cycle:
The moths occur in (early) winter. The larvae develop between February (near the coast) and May or June (higher altitudes) and are often abundant. I recorded masses of mostly still young larvae in Cyprus (Paphos district) in about 500m in mid-April 2017. Young larvae live in large groups and in webbings especially when moulting. Older larvae live singly. The pupa aestivates.

Remarks:
Ocnogyna clathrata occurs in Cyprus, Rhodos Island (Greece) and the Levante, supposedly also in S-Turkey. Ocnogyna loewii is a different species with more Eastern distribution.



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