Zerynthia cretica (Rebel, 1904)

Synonyms/other combinations:
Zerynthia cerisy cretica

Zerynthia cretica: Male (Crete, Díkti mountains, early May 2013) [N] Zerynthia cretica: Male (Crete, Díkti mountains, early May 2013) [N] Zerynthia cretica: Male (Crete, Díkti mountains, early May 2013) [N] Zerynthia cretica: Male (Crete, Díkti mountains, early May 2013) [N] Zerynthia cretica: Female (Crete, Ida mountains, early May 2013) [N] Zerynthia cretica: Female (Crete, Ida mountains, early May 2013) [N] Zerynthia cretica: Female (Crete, Ida mountains, early May 2013) [N] Zerynthia cretica: Female (Crete, Ida mountains, early May 2013) [N] Zerynthia cretica: Egg (Crete, Dikti mountains, early May 2013) [M] Zerynthia cretica: Some days old egg (Crete, Dikti, May 2013) [M] Zerynthia cretica: Egg just prior to larval hatching (Crete, Dikti, May 2013) [M] Zerynthia cretica: Sometimes the plants (here A. sempervirens) are occupied with several eggs (Dikti, May 2013) [N] Zerynthia cretica: L1-larva (Crete, Dikti, early May 2013) [N] Zerynthia cretica: L1-larvae on Aristolochia cretica (Crete, Ano Rodakino, May 2013) [N] Zerynthia cretica: L1-larva on Aristolochia sempervirens (Crete, Dikti, early May 2013) [N] Zerynthia cretica: L1-larva (Crete, Dikti, early May 2013) [N] Zerynthia cretica: L1-larva (Crete, Dikti, early May 2013) [N] Zerynthia cretica: Jungraupe (Dikti, Mai 2013) [N] Zerynthia cretica: Half-grown larva (Crete, Dikti, early May 2013) [N] Zerynthia cretica: Half-grown larva (Crete, Dikti, early May 2013) [M] Zerynthia cretica: Half-grown larva (Crete, Dikti, early May 2013) [N] Zerynthia cretica: Half-grown larva (Crete, Dikti, early May 2013) [M] Zerynthia cretica: Half-grown larva (Crete, Dikti, early May 2013) Zerynthia cretica: Half-grown larva (Crete, Dikti, early May 2013) Zerynthia cretica: Larva (Crete, Dikti, early May 2013) [M] Zerynthia cretica: Larva (Crete, Dikti, early May 2013) [M] Zerynthia cretica: Larva (Crete, Dikti, early May 2013) [M] Zerynthia cretica: Larva (e.l. Crete 2013) [S] Zerynthia cretica: Larva (e.l. Crete 2013) [S] Zerynthia cretica: Larva (e.l. Crete 2013) [S] Zerynthia cretica: Larva (e.l. Crete 2013) [S] Zerynthia cretica: Larva (Crete, Dikti, early May 2013) [N] Zerynthia cretica: Larva (Crete, Dikti, early May 2013) [N] Zerynthia cretica: Larva (e.l. Crete 2013) [S] Zerynthia cretica: Larva (e.l. Crete 2013) [S] Zerynthia cretica: Larva (e.l. Crete 2013) [S] Zerynthia cretica: Larva with osmaterium (e.l. Crete 2013) [S] Zerynthia cretica: Pupa (e.l. Crete 2013) [S] Zerynthia cretica: Pupa (e.l. Crete 2013) [S] Zerynthia cretica: Rambling Aristolochia sempervirens with eggs and larvae (Crete, Dikti, May 2013) [N] Zerynthia cretica: Flower of Aristolochia sempervirens (Dikti) [N] Zerynthia cretica: Habitat in the Dikti mountains in May 2013 [N] Zerynthia cretica: Habitat in the Dikti mountains in May 2013 [N] Zerynthia cretica: Habitat in the Ida mountains (early May 2013) [N] Zerynthia cretica: Habitat in higher altitudes in the Ida mountains (Nidda, May 2013) [N] Zerynthia cretica: Larval habitat (Aristolochia cretica) near Ano Rodakino (May 2013) [N] Zerynthia cretica: Larval habitat with Aristolochia cretica near Ano Rodakino (May 2013) [N]

Host plants:
The larvae feed on the Aristolochia species which occur in Crete (Aristolochia cretica and A. sempervirens). In the very east of Crete (Elounda) perhaps also A. parviflora is used.

Habitat:
Zerynthia cretica inhabits different habitats of its host plants. I found it often in the garrigue and maquis mostly on Aristolochia sempervirens. This plant rambles often in thorny bushes (protection against goats) and dwarf shrubs or at fences. Besides, I found larvae and butterflies in grasslands and on stony-rocky slopes up to 1600m NN (Ida mountains) more on A. cretica.

Life cycle:
The pupa hibernates. The adults are on the wing between March and May or early June. The males fly perseverely while searching for females. Oviposition occurs most often on the lower side of a leaf (observed in Aristolochia sempervirens). The young caterpillars preferably consume flowers or at least young shoots. The larvae are very variable and occur in light and dark forms. The life cycle and ecology does not differ from Z. cerisy.

Remarks:
Zerynthia cretica is endemic to Crete (Greece). It is still quite common there in many sites (between 100 and 1600m asl).

Zerynthia cretica is closely related to Zerynthia cerisy and is perhaps only a well defined subspecies.



Zerynthia cerisy | Zerynthia polyxena | Zerynthia rumina