Muschampia cribrellum (Eversmann, 1841)

Synonyms/other combinations:
Favria cribrellum (Eversmann, 1841) (neueste Interpretation)

Muschampia cribrellum: Male (e.o. rearing, Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, egg from the field in early June 2018, adult in May 2019) [S] Muschampia cribrellum: Male (e.o. rearing, Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, egg from the field in early June 2018, adult in May 2019) [S] Muschampia cribrellum: Male (e.o. rearing, Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, egg from the field in early June 2018, adult in May 2019) [S] Muschampia cribrellum: Male (e.o. rearing, Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, egg from the field in early June 2018, adult in May 2019) [S] Muschampia cribrellum: Male (e.o. rearing, Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, egg from the field in early June 2018, adult in May 2019) [S] Muschampia cribrellum: Male (e.o. rearing, Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, egg from the field in early June 2018, adult in May 2019) [S] Muschampia cribrellum: Male (e.o. rearing, Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, egg from the field in early June 2018, adult in May 2019) [S] Muschampia cribrellum: Male (e.o. rearing, Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, egg from the field in early June 2018, adult in May 2019) [S] Muschampia cribrellum: Male (e.o. rearing, Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, egg from the field in early June 2018, adult in May 2019) [S] Muschampia cribrellum: Male (W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Gubesh, 1040m, early June 2018) [N] Muschampia cribrellum: Male (W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Gubesh, 1040m, early June 2018) [N] Muschampia cribrellum: Male (W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Gubesh, 1040m, early June 2018) [N] Muschampia cribrellum: Male (W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Gubesh, 1040m, early June 2018) [N] Muschampia cribrellum: Male (W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Gubesh, 1040m, early June 2018) [N] Muschampia cribrellum: Male (W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Gubesh, 1040m, early June 2018) [N] Muschampia cribrellum: Male (W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Gubesh, 1040m, early June 2018) [N] Muschampia cribrellum: Male (W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Gubesh, 1040m, early June 2018) [N] Muschampia cribrellum: Male (W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Gubesh, 1040m, early June 2018) [N] Muschampia cribrellum: Female (W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Gubesh, 1040m, early June 2018) [N] Muschampia cribrellum: Female (W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Gubesh, 1040m, early June 2018) [N] Muschampia cribrellum: Female (W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, early June 2018) [N] Muschampia cribrellum: Female (W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, early June 2018) [N] Muschampia cribrellum: Female (W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, early June 2018) [N] Muschampia cribrellum: Female (W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Gubesh, 1040m, early June 2018) [N] Muschampia cribrellum: Female (e.o. rearing, Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, egg from the field in early June 2018, adult in May 2019) [S] Muschampia cribrellum: Female (e.o. rearing, Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, egg from the field in early June 2018, adult in May 2019) [S] Muschampia cribrellum: Female ovipositing on Fragaria viridis (W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Gubesh, 1040m, early June 2018) [N] Muschampia cribrellum: Egg (W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Gubesh, 1040m, early June 2018) [M] Muschampia cribrellum: Egg (W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Gubesh, 1040m, early June 2018) [M] Muschampia cribrellum: Egg (W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, early June 2018) [M] Muschampia cribrellum: Egg (W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, early June 2018) [M] Muschampia cribrellum: Egg (W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, early June 2018) [M] Muschampia cribrellum: Egg (W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, early June 2018) [M] Muschampia cribrellum: Egg on the leaf stalk (W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, early June 2018) [N] Muschampia cribrellum: Egg on the leaf stalk (W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, early June 2018) [M] Muschampia cribrellum: Egg on the leaf stalk (W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, early June 2018) [M] Muschampia cribrellum: Egg on the leaf stalk (W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, early June 2018) [M] Muschampia cribrellum: Empty egg after eclosion of the larva (W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, early June 2018) [M] Muschampia cribrellum: Empty egg after eclosion of the larva (W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, early June 2018) [M] Muschampia cribrellum: Empty egg after eclosion of the larva (W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, early June 2018) [M] Muschampia cribrellum: L1 Larva with typical bifurcate setae (W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, early June 2018) [S] Muschampia cribrellum: Typical shelter of a L1 larva with partial incision of the leaf (W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, early June 2018) [N] Muschampia cribrellum: Typical shelter of a L1 larva with partial incision of the leaf (W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, early June 2018) [N] Muschampia cribrellum: Typical shelter of a L1 larva with partial incision of the leaf (W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, early June 2018) [N] Muschampia cribrellum: On the leaft and right leaflets typical shelters of a L1 larva with partial incision of the leaflet and on the central leaflet a shelter of a young larva of Pyrgus malvae without incision (W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, early June 2018) [N] Muschampia cribrellum: L1 Larva, shelter opened (W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, early June 2018) [M] Muschampia cribrellum: L1 Larva, shelter opened (W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, early June 2018) [M] Muschampia cribrellum: L2 larva (e.o. rearing, W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, egg in early June 2018) [S] Muschampia cribrellum: L3 larva (e.o. rearing, W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, egg in early June 2018, early July 2018) [S] Muschampia cribrellum: L3 larva (e.o. rearing, W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, egg in early June 2018, early July 2018) [S] Muschampia cribrellum: L3 larva (e.o. rearing, W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, egg in early June 2018, early July 2018) [S] Muschampia cribrellum: Shelter of a L3 larva (e.o. rearing, W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, egg in early June 2018, early July 2018) [S] Muschampia cribrellum: Shelter of a L3 larva (e.o. rearing, W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, egg in early June 2018, early July 2018) [S] Muschampia cribrellum: L3 larva in moult rest into L4 (e.o. rearing, W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, egg in early June 2018, late August 2018) [S] Muschampia cribrellum: Half-grown larva after the moult (e.o. rearing, W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, egg in early June 2018, early September 2018) [S] Muschampia cribrellum: Larva in the penultimate instar (e.o. rearing, W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, egg in early June 2018, September 2018) [S] Muschampia cribrellum: Larva in the penultimate instar, shelter opened (e.o. rearing, W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, egg in early June 2018, September 2018) [S] Muschampia cribrellum: Shelter of a larva in the penultimate instar (e.o. rearing, W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, egg in early June 2018, late September 2018) [S] Muschampia cribrellum: Larva in the penultimate instar, ready for hibernation (e.o. rearing, W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, egg in early June 2018, October 2018) [S] Muschampia cribrellum: Winter shelter of a larva in the penultimate instar ((e.o. rearing, W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, egg in early June 2018, December 2018) [S] Muschampia cribrellum: Winter shelter of a larva in the penultimate instar ((e.o. rearing, W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, egg in early June 2018, December 2018) [S] Muschampia cribrellum: Larva in the penultimate instar (e.o. rearing, W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, egg in early June 2018, spring 2019) [S] Muschampia cribrellum: Larva in the last instar (e.o. rearing, W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, egg in early June 2018, spring 2019) [S] Muschampia cribrellum: Larva in the last instar (e.o. rearing, W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, egg in early June 2018, April 2019) [S] Muschampia cribrellum: Larva in the last instar (e.o. rearing, W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, egg in early June 2018, April 2019) [S] Muschampia cribrellum: Larva in the last instar (e.o. rearing, W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, egg in early June 2018, April 2019) [S] Muschampia cribrellum: Larva in the last instar (e.o. rearing, W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, egg in early June 2018, April 2019) [S] Muschampia cribrellum: Larva in the last instar (e.o. rearing, W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, egg in early June 2018, April 2019) [S] Muschampia cribrellum: Larva in the last instar (e.o. rearing, W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, egg in early June 2018, April 2019) [S] Muschampia cribrellum: Larva in the last instar (e.o. rearing, W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, egg in early June 2018, April 2019) [S] Muschampia cribrellum: Larva in the last instar (e.o. rearing, W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, egg in early June 2018, April 2019) [S] Muschampia cribrellum: Larva in the last instar (e.o. rearing, W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, egg in early June 2018, April 2019) [S] Muschampia cribrellum: Larva in the last instar (e.o. rearing, W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, egg in early June 2018, April 2019) [S] Muschampia cribrellum: Larva in the last instar (e.o. rearing, W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, egg in early June 2018, April 2019) [S] Muschampia cribrellum: Larva in the last instar (e.o. rearing, W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, egg in early June 2018, April 2019) [S] Muschampia cribrellum: Larva in the last instar, detailed dorsal view with pinacula (e.o. rearing, W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, egg in early June 2018, April 2019) [S] Muschampia cribrellum: Larva in the last instar, detailed view lateral (e.o. rearing, W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, egg in early June 2018, April 2019) [S] Muschampia cribrellum: Larva in the last instar, detailed view lateral (e.o. rearing, W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, egg in early June 2018, April 2019) [S] Muschampia cribrellum: Larva in the last instar, detailed rear view (e.o. rearing, W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, egg in early June 2018, April 2019) [S] Muschampia cribrellum: Larva in the last instar, ventral view (e.o. rearing, W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, egg in early June 2018, April 2019) [S] Muschampia cribrellum: Larva in the last instar, expulsor (e.o. rearing, W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, egg in early June 2018, April 2019) [S] Muschampia cribrellum: Shelter of a larva in the last instar (e.o. rearing, W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, egg in early June 2018, April 2019) [S] Muschampia cribrellum: Shelter of a larva in the last instar (e.o. rearing, W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, egg in early June 2018, April 2019) [S] Muschampia cribrellum: Pupa (e.o. rearing, W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, egg in early June 2018, April 2019) [S] Muschampia cribrellum: Pupa (e.o. rearing, W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, egg in early June 2018, April 2019) [S] Muschampia cribrellum: Pupa (e.o. rearing, W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, egg in early June 2018, April 2019) [S] Muschampia cribrellum: Pupa (e.o. rearing, W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, egg in early June 2018, April 2019) [S] Muschampia cribrellum: Pupal shelter (e.o. rearing, W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, egg in early June 2018, April 2019) [S] Muschampia cribrellum: Larval habitat (W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, early June 2018) [N] Muschampia cribrellum: Larval habitat (W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, early June 2018) [N] Muschampia cribrellum: Larval habitat, egg visible on the leaf stalk (W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, early June 2018) [N] Muschampia cribrellum: Larval habitat (W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Gubesh, 1040m, early June 2018) [N] Muschampia cribrellum: Habitat (W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, early June 2018) [N] Muschampia cribrellum: Habitat (W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, early June 2018) [N] Muschampia cribrellum: Habitat (W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, early June 2018) [N] Muschampia cribrellum: Habitat (W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Buchin prohod, 800m, early June 2018) [N] Muschampia cribrellum: Habitat (W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Gubesh, 1040m, early June 2018) [N] Muschampia cribrellum: Habitat (W-Bulgaria, Sofia district, Gubesh, 1040m, early June 2018) [N]

Host plants:
In W-Bulgaria I observed oviposition and numerous eggs and young larvae on Fragaria viridis (Rosaceae). In rearing Potentilla verna has been accepted as well.

Habitat:
Muschampia cribrellum inhabits mostly grazed nutrient-poor grasslands, steppes, rocky slopes or similar places where the larvae develop at spots with favourable microclimatic conditions (e.g. on shallow rocks or low-growing spots).

Life cycle:
The adults occur in May and June (in higher altitudes still in July, e.g. Mount Olympus in Greece). The eggs are deposited on the lower side of the leaflets or on the leaf stalks. The young larvae in the first and second instars live within a typical Muschampia shelter on a leaflet with partial incision. They aestivate as L3 and hibernate as L4. They are mature in April and early May.

Remarks:
Muschampia cribrellum is a typical species of the Eurasian steppe belt with main distribution between the Ukraine and European Russia in the West and the Amur river, Mongolia and N-China in the East. Further to the West (in SE-Europe) the range of this species is more scattered in S-Serbia, E-Hungaria, Romania, the Republic of North Macedonia, Bulgaria and N-Greece.

Literature:
Wagner & Kolev (2019): Muschampia cribrellum (Eversmann, 1841) preimaginal stages and their ecology in W-Bulgaria (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae).- Nachr. entomol. Ver. Apollo, N. F. 40 (2): 113117.



Muschampia proto | Muschampia tessellum