Hyphoraia testudinaria (Geoffroy in Fourcroy, 1785)


Hyphoraia testudinaria: Female (e.l. Provence 2013) [S] Hyphoraia testudinaria: Female (e.l. Provence 2013) [S] Hyphoraia testudinaria: Female (e.l. Sisteron, France, larva in April 2013) [S] Hyphoraia testudinaria: Female (e.l. Sisteron, France, larva in April 2013) [S] Hyphoraia testudinaria: Female (e.l. France, Massif Central, Mont Lozčre, larva in early June 2013) [S] Hyphoraia testudinaria: Male (e.l. rearing, Italy, Apennines, Rieti, Monte Terminillo, half-grown larva in late September 2016) [S] Hyphoraia testudinaria: Male (e.l. rearing, Italy, Apennines, Rieti, Monte Terminillo, half-grown larva in late September 2016) [S] Hyphoraia testudinaria: Male (e.l. rearing, Italy, Apennines, Rieti, Monte Terminillo, half-grown larva in late September 2016) [S] Hyphoraia testudinaria: Male (e.l. rearing, Italy, Apennines, Rieti, Monte Terminillo, half-grown larva in late September 2016) [S] Hyphoraia testudinaria: Male (Provence, France, Massif de la Sainte Baume, May 2007) [M] Hyphoraia testudinaria: Male (Provence, France, Massif de la Sainte Baume, May 2007) [M] Hyphoraia testudinaria: Male (Provence, France, Massif de la Sainte Baume, May 2007) [M] Hyphoraia testudinaria: Half-grown larva (e.l. rearing, Italy, Apennines, Rieti, Monte Terminillo, half-grown larva in late September 2016) [S] Hyphoraia testudinaria: Larva (e.l. rearing, Italy, Apennines, Rieti, Monte Terminillo, half-grown larva in late September 2016) [S] Hyphoraia testudinaria: Larva in autumn (east Pyrenees, Canigou, October 2013) [M] Hyphoraia testudinaria: Larva (Alpes-Maritimes, April 2012) [N] Hyphoraia testudinaria: Larva (Alpes-Maritimes, April 2012) [M] Hyphoraia testudinaria: Larva (Alpes-Maritimes, April 2012) [M] Hyphoraia testudinaria: Larva (Alpes-Maritimes, April 2012) [M] Hyphoraia testudinaria: Larva (Alpes-Maritimes, April 2012) [M] Hyphoraia testudinaria: Larva (Alpes-Maritimes, April 2012) [M] Hyphoraia testudinaria: Larva (Alpes-Maritimes, April 2012) [M] Hyphoraia testudinaria: Larva (Alpes-de-Haute-Provence, April 2013) [N] Hyphoraia testudinaria: Larva (Alpes-de-Haute-Provence, April 2013) [N] Hyphoraia testudinaria: Female pupa (e.l. Alpes-De-Haute-Provence 2013) [S] Hyphoraia testudinaria: Female pupa (e.l. Alpes-De-Haute-Provence 2013) [S] Hyphoraia testudinaria: Female pupa (e.l. Alpes-De-Haute-Provence 2013) [S] Hyphoraia testudinaria: Male pupa (e.l. rearing, Italy, Apennines, Rieti, Monte Terminillo, half-grown larva in late September 2016) [S] Hyphoraia testudinaria: Larval habitat in the French Alpes-Maritimes near Nice. A larva was observed in the nutrient-poor grassland in the foreground. April 2012. [N] Hyphoraia testudinaria: Habitat in Provence, France (Massif de la Sainte Baume): rocky embankments and nutrient-poor grassland fragments in dry open forest. May 2007. [N] Hyphoraia testudinaria: Habitat (Italy, Apennines, Rieti, Monte Terminillo, 1800m, late September 2016) [N]

Host plants:
The caterpillar lives polyphagous in the herb layer.

Habitat:
Hyphoraia testudinaria inhabits grasslands, slopes, forest edges, clear dry forests, cliffs and mountain slopes, maquis, garigues, dry meadows and similar places. In southern Europe the moth can be found sometimes also in wetter sites.

Life cycle:
The caterpillar overwinters and is mature in April or May (depending on altitude). Pupation takes often place under flat stones. I found Such empty cocoonssin Ticino in rocky embankments in a open forest area.

Endangerment factors:
Hyphoraia testudinaria is endangered mainly on the northern edge of their distribution by habitat loss. In the southernmost Alps and Provence, the moth is threatened not so strong.

Remarks:
Hyphoraia testudinaria occurs from Northern Spain through southern and Central France and southern Switzerland (Southern Alps) as far as north-eastern and Southern Italy (without Sicily). In the Iberian Peninsula is found the closely related taxon Hyphoraia dejeani and north of the Alps Hyphoraia aulica.



Hyphoraia aulica